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Pearson eText Biology

Pearson eText Biology

Science for Life -- Access Card
6th Edition

Colleen Belk, Virginia Maier

Aug 2018, Access / Pin Card, 480 pages
ISBN13: 9780135214077
ISBN10: 0135214076
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For non-majors biology courses


Engage students in science with stories that relate to their lives

Biology: Science for Life weaves a compelling storyline throughout each chapter to grab student attention through the exploration of high-interest topics such as genetic testing, global warming, and the Zika virus. The authors return to the storyline again and again, using it as the basis on which they introduce the biological concepts behind each story.

In the 6th Edition, new active learning features and author-created resources help instructors implement the storyline approach in their course. The Big Question is a new feature that helps students learn how to use data to determine what science can answer while developing their ability to critically evaluate information.

Pearson eText allows educators to easily share their own notes with students so they see the connection between their reading and what they learn in class — motivating them to keep reading, and keep learning. Portable access lets students study on the go, even offline. And, student usage analytics offer insight into how students use the eText, helping educators tailor their instruction.

NOTE: Pearson eText is a fully digital delivery of Pearson content. This ISBN is for the Pearson eText access card. In addition to your purchase, you will need a course invite link, provided by your instructor, to register for and use Pearson eText.

1 Can Science Cure the Common Cold?

Introduction to the Scientific Method

1.1 The Process of Science

The Nature of Hypotheses

Scientific Theories

The Logic of Hypothesis Tests

1.2 Hypothesis Testing

The Experimental Method

Controlled Experiments

Minimizing Bias in Experimental Design

Using Correlation to Test Hypotheses

1.3 Understanding Statistics

What Statistical Tests Can Tell Us

Factors that Influence Statistical Significance

What Statistical Tests Cannot Tell Us

1.4 Evaluating Scientific Information

Primary Sources

Information from Anecdotes

Science in the News

Understanding Science from Secondary Sources

Is There a Cure for the Common Cold?

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION How do I know what to believe?

Review

UNIT ONE Chemistry and Cells

2 Science Fiction, Bad Science, and Pseudoscience

Water, Biochemistry, and Cells

2.1 A Definition of Life

2.2 The Properties of Water

The Structure of Water

Water Is a Good Solvent

Water Facilitates Chemical Reactions

Water Moderates Temperature

The Drinking-Water Hypothesis Requires More Substantiation

2.3 Chemistry for Biology Students

Chemical Bonds

The Bermuda Triangle Revisited

2.4 Biological Macromolecules

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Lipids

Nucleic Acids

Dietary Macromolecules and Behavior

2.5 An Introduction to Evolutionary Theory

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Does balanced reporting help us draw more accurate conclusions?

Review

3 Is It Possible to Supplement Your Way to Better Performance and Health?

Nutrients and Membrane Transport

3.1 Nutrients

Macronutrients

Micronutrients

Antioxidants

3.2 Cell Structure

Plasma Membrane

Subcellular Structures

3.3 Transport Across Membranes

Passive Transport: Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, and Osmosis

Active Transport: Pumping Substances across the Membrane

Exocytosis and Endocytosis: Movement of Large Molecules across the Membrane

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should I routinely use detox products?

Review

4 Body Weight and Health

Enzymes, Metabolism, and Cellular Respiration

4.1 Enzymes and Metabolism

Enzymes

Metabolism

4.2 Cellular Respiration

Structure and Function of ATP

Cellular Respiration

Stages of Cellular Respiration

Metabolism of Other Nutrients

Metabolism without Oxygen: Anaerobic Respiration and Fermentation

4.3 Body Weight and Health

Body Mass Index

Underweight Is Unhealthy

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION How unhealthy is anorexia?

Review

5 Life in the Greenhouse

Photosynthesis and Climate Change

5.1 The Greenhouse Effect

Earth Is a Greenhouse

Water, Heat, and Temperature

5.2 The Flow of Carbon

5.3 Can Photosynthesis Slow Down Global Climate Change?

Chloroplasts: The Site of Photosynthesis

The Process of Photosynthesis

5.4 How High Temperatures Might Reduce Photosynthesis

5.5 How We Can Slow Global Climate Change

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should global warming be kept below 4°C?

Review

UNIT TWO Genetics

6 Cancer

DNA Synthesis and Mitosis

6.1 What Is Cancer?

Tumors Can Be Cancerous

Risk Factors for Cancer

6.2 Passing Genes and Chromosomes to Daughter Cells

Genes and Chromosomes

DNA Replication

6.3 The Cell Cycle and Mitosis

Interphase

Mitosis

Cytokinesis

6.4 Cancer Prevention, Detection, and Treatment

Tumor Suppressors Help Prevent Cancer

Cancer Detection

Cancer Treatment

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Can I prevent myself from getting cancer?

Review

7 Fertility

Meiosis and Human Reproduction

7.1 Producing Sperm and Eggs: Meiosis

Interphase

Meiosis I

Meiosis II

7.2 Problems with Meiosis and Lowered Fertility

7.3 Bringing Sperm and Egg Together

Male Reproductive Anatomy

Female Reproductive Anatomy

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Does marijuana use impair fertility?

Review

8 Does Testing Save Lives?

Mendelian Genetics

8.1 The Inheritance of Traits

Genes and Chromosomes

Producing Diversity in Offspring

8.2 Basic Mendelian Genetics: When the Role of Genes Is Clear

Genotype and Phenotype

Genetic Diseases in Humans

Using Punnett Squares to Predict Offspring Genotypes

8.3 Extensions of Mendelian Genetics

8.4 Sex and Inheritance

Sex Determination and X-Linkage

Pedigrees

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should there be universal screening for killer diseases?

Review

9 Biology of Wrongful Convictions

Complex Genetic Traits, Heritability, and DNA Profiling

9.1 Eyewitness Testimony and Complex Genetic Traits

Polygenic Traits

Quantitative Traits

9.2 Genes, Criminality, and Implicit Bias

Studying Nature versus Nurture

The Use and Misuse of Heritability

Implicit Bias

9.3 Positive Identification

DNA Profiling

Polymerase Chain Reaction

Sounds Right, But Is It?

The Big Question Should the death penalty be abolished in the United States?

Review

10 Genetically Modified Organisms

Gene Expression, Mutation, Stem Cells, and Cloning

10.1 Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression

From Gene to Protein

Transcription

Translation

Mutations

Gene Expression

10.2 Producing Recombinant Proteins

Cloning a Gene Using Bacteria

FDA Regulations

10.3 Genetically Modified Plants and Animals

Modifying Crop Plants

Modifying Animals

Gene Editing Using CRISPR in Plants and Animals

10.4 Genetically Modified Humans

Stem Cells

Gene Therapy

Gene Editing in Humans

Cloning Humans

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should anti-GMO activists give up the fight?

Review

UNIT THREE Evolution

11 Where Did We Come From?

The Evidence for Evolution

11.1 What Is Evolution?

The Process of Evolution

The Theory of Evolution

11.2 Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution

Early Views of Evolution

The Voyage of the Beagle

Developing the Hypothesis of Common Descent

Alternative Ideas on the Origins and Relationships among Organisms

11.3 Examining the Evidence for Common Descent

Linnaean Classification

Anatomical Homology

Developmental Homologies

Molecular Homology

Biogeography

The Fossil Record

11.4 Are Alternatives to the Theory of Evolution Equally Valid?

Weighing the Alternatives

The Best Scientific Explanation for the Diversity of Life

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should high school biology teachers be required to “teach the controversy”?

Review

12 An Evolving Enemy

Natural Selection

12.1 Return of a Killer

What Is Tuberculosis?

Treatment–and Treatment Failure

12.2 Natural Selection Causes Evolution

Darwin’s Observations

Darwin’s Inference: Natural Selection Causes Evolution

Testing Natural Selection

12.3 Natural Selection Since Darwin

The Modern Synthesis

The Subtleties of Natural Selection

Patterns of Selection

12.4 Natural Selection and Human Health

Tuberculosis Fits Darwin’s Observations

Selecting for Drug Resistance

Stopping Drug Resistance

Can Natural Selection Save Us from Superbugs?

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should I stop purchasing meats that are raised using antibiotics?

Review

13 Understanding Race

Speciation and Macroevolution

13.1 What Is a Species?

The Biological Species Concept

Speciation

Isolation and Divergence of Gene Pools

The Evolution of Reproductive Isolation

13.2 Are Human Races Biological?

The History of Human Races

The Morphological Species Concept

Modern Humans: A History

Genetic Evidence of Divergence

Human Races Are Not Isolated Biological Groups

Human Races Have Never Been Truly Isolated

13.3 Why Human Groups Differ

Natural Selection

Convergent Evolution

Genetic Drift

Sexual Selection

Assortative Mating

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Are affirmative action policies that favor black students applying for college admission good public policy?

Review

14 The Greatest Species on Earth?

Biodiversity and Classification

14.1 Biological Classification

How Many Species Exist?

Domains of Life

14.2 The Diversity of Life

The Domains Bacteria and Archaea

The Origin of the Domain Eukarya

The Protista

Kingdom Animalia

Kingdom Fungi

Kingdom Plantae

Not Quite Living: Viruses

14.3 Learning about Species

Reconstructing Evolutionary History

The Greatest Species on Earth

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should lab mice and rats have the same rights as other nonhuman animals?

Review

UNIT FOUR Ecology

15 Is the Human Population Too Large?

Population Ecology

15.1 Population Growth

Population Structure

Exponential Population Growth

The Demographic Transition

15.2 Limits to Population Growth

Carrying Capacity and Logistic Growth

Earth’s Carrying Capacity for Humans

15.3 The Future of the Human Population

A Possible Population Crash?

Avoiding Disaster

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should the international community continue to provide food aid to populations experiencing food crises?

Review

16 Conserving Biodiversity

Community and Ecosystem Ecology

16.1 The Sixth Extinction

Measuring Extinction Rates

Causes of Extinction

16.2 The Consequences of Extinction

Loss of Resources

Predation, Mutualism, and Competition

Energy and Chemical Flows

Psychological Effects

16.3 Saving Species

Protecting Habitat

Small Populations Are Vulnerable

Conservation Genetics

Protecting Biodiversity versus Meeting Human Needs

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Is wind power good or bad for birds?

Review

17 The Human Footprint

Climate and Biomes

17.1 Climate Determines Habitability

Global Temperature and Precipitation Patterns

Local Influences on Climate

17.2 Terrestrial Biomes and the Human Footprint

Tundra

Desert

Forests and Shrublands

Grasslands

17.3 Aquatic Biomes and the Human Footprint

Freshwater

Saltwater

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Can my actions make a difference on global environmental issues?

Review

Appendix: Metric System Conversions

Connect with and motivate students–directly in your Pearson eText
Pearson eText offers an affordable, simple-to-use mobile reading experience that lets instructors and students extend learning beyond class time. Learn more about Pearson eText.

Engage students with relevant stories and help them develop scientific literacy skills

  • Each chapter weaves in a story based on a current issue or hot topic that presents and explains biological concepts, examples, and applications. NEW storylines include:
    • Chapter 7, Fertility
    • Chapter 8, Does Testing Save Lives
    • Chapter 9, Biology of Wrongful Convictions
    • Chapter 17, Ecological Footprints
    • Chapter 23, Zika in Pregnancy
  • UPDATED Storylines include:
    • Chapter 5 continues to address photosynthesis within a storyline about global climate change, but is updated to reflect humanity’s response via the Paris Agreement.
    • Chapter 13 still addresses the issue of supposed human races, but now through the lens of swimmer Simone Manuel’s historic gold medal in the 2016 Olympics.
    • Chapter 20 addresses the known and unknown health issues of electronic cigarettes and the practice of “vaping.”
  • Revised Unit One Coverage and New Chapters include Chapter 6: Mitosis and cancer, Chapter 7: Human fertility and reproduction along with meiosis, Chapter 8: Mendelian genetics and the development and use of newborn screening tests, Chapter 9: newly organized uses the storyline of wrongful convictions to help students learn about the inheritance of complex traits such as those used in identification of suspects by witnesses. In addition, the heritability section helps counter the notion that criminals are born not made, and the DNA profiling section explains how positive identification has been used to exonerate many wrongfully convicted individuals.

Make complex biology topics more manageable for non-science students

  • NEW! The Big Question feature presents a topic, followed by some smaller questions–some answerable by science and some not. Once students determine which of the smaller questions science can answer, data is presented related to one of these questions. Students analyze the data in light of both the smaller question addressed and the big question that headlines the feature.
  • NEW! Got it? questions help students assess their content comprehension through a series of fill-in-the-blank questions.
  • NEW! Chapter Review Summary now contains:
    • NEW! Show You Know questions encourage students to think critically about concepts and serve as starting points for classroom discussions.
    • NEW! Go Find Out includes activities students can perform on their own or in class in groups that challenge them to find information to answer biology questions.Suggestions for implementing these activities are included in the Instructor’s Manual.
    • NEW! Make the Connection exercises ask students to connect statements about the storyline to the key scientific concepts behind it to ensure that students truly understand the relationship between the story and the science.
  • Roots to Remember references appear in context within chapter discussions to help students learn the language of biology using word roots.
  • Visualize This questions within select figures encourage students to look more closely at figures to more fully understand their content.
  • Working with Data questions within select figures challenge students to analyze and apply their knowledge of biology to a graph or set of data.
  • Sounds Right, But Is It? activities at the end of each chapter address common student misconceptions about biology concepts.
  • Analogies in the book’s narrative and art compare abstract science with familiar objects and experiences, allowing students to better grasp difficult biological concepts.

Resources to bring active learning into your classroom

  • “Flipped Classroom” Instructor’s Manual includes many activities that have been tested in the authors’ own classes. New to this edition are guidelines and suggestions for implementing the “Go Find Out” activities from the book in the classroom.
  • PowerPoint presentations accompany each chapter storyline to help instructors highlight the relevance of biology to everyday life. Many of these customizable lecture slides include new video clips.

Connect with and motivate students–directly in your Pearson eText

  • Help students see how reading is relevant to the course: Notes and highlights allow educators to share information directly with students within their eText. It’s easy to add your own personal teaching style to important topics, call out need-to-know details, or clarify difficult concepts.
  • Gain insight into how students use their eText: Student usage analytics let educators see how students work in their eText so that you can plan more effective instruction.
  • Extend the learning experience, anytime and anywhere: The mobile app lets students use their eText whenever they have a moment in their day, on Android and iPhone mobile phones and tablets. Offline access ensures students never miss a chance to learn.
  • Help students check their understanding and focus on what they need to study
    • Notes, highlights, and bookmarks allow students to study how they like. The Notebook lets students quickly pull up study aids they’ve created or notes from their instructors.
    • Study Tools—like flashcards, multiple-choice questions, and fill-in-the blank activities—are available both offline and online to help students learn key terms. Study Tools are personalized to students’ responses, adapt as they master the material, and allow students to view their progress after each activity.
  • Engage learners with compelling media: Videos and animations bring key concepts to life, helping students place what they are reading into context. (Available with select titles.)
  • Quickly set up and access your course
    • Straightforward setup makes it incredibly easy for educators to get their class up and running in a few simple steps.
    • LMS integration provides institutions, instructors, and students with single sign-on access to their Pearson eText courses via Blackboard Learn™, Canvas™, Brightspace® by D2L, and Moodle™.
  • Give your class an affordable option: Pearson eText delivers the same high-quality content of a print book at an affordable price.

Check out the preface for a complete list of features and what's new in this edition.

Colleen Belk and Virginia Borden Maier collaborated on teaching biology to nonmajors for over a decade at the University of Minnesota—Duluth. This collaboration has continued for an additional decade through Virginia’s move to St. John Fisher College in Rochester, New York, and has been enhanced by their differing but complementary areas of expertise. In addition to the nonmajors course, Colleen Belk teaches general biology for majors, genetics, cell biology, and molecular biology courses. Virginia Borden Maier teaches general biology for majors, evolutionary biology, zoology, plant biology, ecology, and conservation biology courses.

After several somewhat painful attempts at teaching the breadth of biology to non-majors in a single semester, the two authors came to the conclusion that they needed to find a better way. They realized that their students were more engaged when they understood how biology directly affected their lives. Colleen and Virginia began to structure their lectures around stories they knew would interest students. When they began letting the story drive the science, they immediately noticed a difference in student engagement and willingness to work harder at learning biology. Not only has this approach increased student understanding, but it has also increased the authors’ enjoyment in teaching the course—presenting students with fascinating stories infused with biological concepts is simply a lot more fun.