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Biology

Biology

Science for Life
6th Edition

Colleen Belk, Virginia Maier

Aug 2018, Paperback, 480 pages
ISBN13: 9780134675473
ISBN10: 0134675479
For orders to USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand or Japan visit your local Pearson website
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For non-majors biology courses

Engage students in science with stories that relate to their lives

Biology: Science for Life weaves a compelling storyline throughout each chapter to grab student attention through the exploration of high-interest topics such as genetic testing, global warming, and the Zika virus. The authors return to the storyline again and again, using it as the basis on which they introduce the biological concepts behind each story.

In the 6th Edition, new active learning features and author-created resources help instructors implement the storyline approach in their course. The Big Question is a new feature that helps students learn how to use data to determine what science can answer while developing their ability to critically evaluate information.

Also available with Mastering Biology or as an easy-to-use, standalone Pearson eText

Mastering™ is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools developed to engage students and emulate the office-hour experience, Mastering personalizes learning and often improves results for each student. New to the 6th edition are author-created Figure Walkthrough videos that guide students to solidify their understanding of the concepts within challenging illustrations as well as Make the Connection activities that help students bridge the gap between each storyline and the science behind it, as well as Ready-to-Go Teaching Modules for select chapters that provide instructors with assignments to use before and after class, as well as in-class activities.


Pearson eText allows educators to easily share their own notes with students so they see the connection between their reading and what they learn in class–motivating them to keep reading, and keep learning. Portable access lets students study on the go, even offline. And, reading analytics offer insight into how students use the eText, helping educators tailor their instruction.


Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; Mastering Biology and Pearson eText do not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with Mastering Biology or Pearson eText, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.


If you would like to purchase both the physical text and Mastering Biology, search for:

0134814967 / 9780134814964 Biology: Science for Life Plus Mastering Biology with Pearson eText -- Access Card Package

Package consists of:

  • 0134787056 / 9780134787053 Mastering Biology with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Biology: Science for Life
  • 0134675479 / 9780134675473 Biology: Science for Life

If you would like to purchase the standalone Pearson eText, search for:

  • 0135214076 / 9780135214077 Pearson eText Biology: Science for Life -- Access Card
OR
  • 0135214084 / 9780135214084 Pearson eText Biology: Science for Life -- Instant Access

1 Can Science Cure the Common Cold?

Introduction to the Scientific Method

1.1 The Process of Science

The Nature of Hypotheses

Scientific Theories

The Logic of Hypothesis Tests

1.2 Hypothesis Testing

The Experimental Method

Controlled Experiments

Minimizing Bias in Experimental Design

Using Correlation to Test Hypotheses

1.3 Understanding Statistics

What Statistical Tests Can Tell Us

Factors that Influence Statistical Significance

What Statistical Tests Cannot Tell Us

1.4 Evaluating Scientific Information

Primary Sources

Information from Anecdotes

Science in the News

Understanding Science from Secondary Sources

Is There a Cure for the Common Cold?

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION How do I know what to believe?

Review

UNIT ONE Chemistry and Cells

2 Science Fiction, Bad Science, and Pseudoscience

Water, Biochemistry, and Cells

2.1 A Definition of Life

2.2 The Properties of Water

The Structure of Water

Water Is a Good Solvent

Water Facilitates Chemical Reactions

Water Moderates Temperature

The Drinking-Water Hypothesis Requires More Substantiation

2.3 Chemistry for Biology Students

Chemical Bonds

The Bermuda Triangle Revisited

2.4 Biological Macromolecules

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Lipids

Nucleic Acids

Dietary Macromolecules and Behavior

2.5 An Introduction to Evolutionary Theory

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Does balanced reporting help us draw more accurate conclusions?

Review

3 Is It Possible to Supplement Your Way to Better Performance and Health?

Nutrients and Membrane Transport

3.1 Nutrients

Macronutrients

Micronutrients

Antioxidants

3.2 Cell Structure

Plasma Membrane

Subcellular Structures

3.3 Transport Across Membranes

Passive Transport: Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, and Osmosis

Active Transport: Pumping Substances across the Membrane

Exocytosis and Endocytosis: Movement of Large Molecules across the Membrane

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should I routinely use detox products?

Review

4 Body Weight and Health

Enzymes, Metabolism, and Cellular Respiration

4.1 Enzymes and Metabolism

Enzymes

Metabolism

4.2 Cellular Respiration

Structure and Function of ATP

Cellular Respiration

Stages of Cellular Respiration

Metabolism of Other Nutrients

Metabolism without Oxygen: Anaerobic Respiration and Fermentation

4.3 Body Weight and Health

Body Mass Index

Underweight Is Unhealthy

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION How unhealthy is anorexia?

Review

5 Life in the Greenhouse

Photosynthesis and Climate Change

5.1 The Greenhouse Effect

Earth Is a Greenhouse

Water, Heat, and Temperature

5.2 The Flow of Carbon

5.3 Can Photosynthesis Slow Down Global Climate Change?

Chloroplasts: The Site of Photosynthesis

The Process of Photosynthesis

5.4 How High Temperatures Might Reduce Photosynthesis

5.5 How We Can Slow Global Climate Change

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should global warming be kept below 4°C?

Review

UNIT TWO Genetics

6 Cancer

DNA Synthesis and Mitosis

6.1 What Is Cancer?

Tumors Can Be Cancerous

Risk Factors for Cancer

6.2 Passing Genes and Chromosomes to Daughter Cells

Genes and Chromosomes

DNA Replication

6.3 The Cell Cycle and Mitosis

Interphase

Mitosis

Cytokinesis

6.4 Cancer Prevention, Detection, and Treatment

Tumor Suppressors Help Prevent Cancer

Cancer Detection

Cancer Treatment

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Can I prevent myself from getting cancer?

Review

7 Fertility

Meiosis and Human Reproduction

7.1 Producing Sperm and Eggs: Meiosis

Interphase

Meiosis I

Meiosis II

7.2 Problems with Meiosis and Lowered Fertility

7.3 Bringing Sperm and Egg Together

Male Reproductive Anatomy

Female Reproductive Anatomy

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Does marijuana use impair fertility?

Review

8 Does Testing Save Lives?

Mendelian Genetics

8.1 The Inheritance of Traits

Genes and Chromosomes

Producing Diversity in Offspring

8.2 Basic Mendelian Genetics: When the Role of Genes Is Clear

Genotype and Phenotype

Genetic Diseases in Humans

Using Punnett Squares to Predict Offspring Genotypes

8.3 Extensions of Mendelian Genetics

8.4 Sex and Inheritance

Sex Determination and X-Linkage

Pedigrees

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should there be universal screening for killer diseases?

Review

9 Biology of Wrongful Convictions

Complex Genetic Traits, Heritability, and DNA Profiling

9.1 Eyewitness Testimony and Complex Genetic Traits

Polygenic Traits

Quantitative Traits

9.2 Genes, Criminality, and Implicit Bias

Studying Nature versus Nurture

The Use and Misuse of Heritability

Implicit Bias

9.3 Positive Identification

DNA Profiling

Polymerase Chain Reaction

Sounds Right, But Is It?

The Big Question Should the death penalty be abolished in the United States?

Review

10 Genetically Modified Organisms

Gene Expression, Mutation, Stem Cells, and Cloning

10.1 Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression

From Gene to Protein

Transcription

Translation

Mutations

Gene Expression

10.2 Producing Recombinant Proteins

Cloning a Gene Using Bacteria

FDA Regulations

10.3 Genetically Modified Plants and Animals

Modifying Crop Plants

Modifying Animals

Gene Editing Using CRISPR in Plants and Animals

10.4 Genetically Modified Humans

Stem Cells

Gene Therapy

Gene Editing in Humans

Cloning Humans

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should anti-GMO activists give up the fight?

Review

UNIT THREE Evolution

11 Where Did We Come From?

The Evidence for Evolution

11.1 What Is Evolution?

The Process of Evolution

The Theory of Evolution

11.2 Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution

Early Views of Evolution

The Voyage of the Beagle

Developing the Hypothesis of Common Descent

Alternative Ideas on the Origins and Relationships among Organisms

11.3 Examining the Evidence for Common Descent

Linnaean Classification

Anatomical Homology

Developmental Homologies

Molecular Homology

Biogeography

The Fossil Record

11.4 Are Alternatives to the Theory of Evolution Equally Valid?

Weighing the Alternatives

The Best Scientific Explanation for the Diversity of Life

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should high school biology teachers be required to “teach the controversy”?

Review

12 An Evolving Enemy

Natural Selection

12.1 Return of a Killer

What Is Tuberculosis?

Treatment–and Treatment Failure

12.2 Natural Selection Causes Evolution

Darwin’s Observations

Darwin’s Inference: Natural Selection Causes Evolution

Testing Natural Selection

12.3 Natural Selection Since Darwin

The Modern Synthesis

The Subtleties of Natural Selection

Patterns of Selection

12.4 Natural Selection and Human Health

Tuberculosis Fits Darwin’s Observations

Selecting for Drug Resistance

Stopping Drug Resistance

Can Natural Selection Save Us from Superbugs?

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should I stop purchasing meats that are raised using antibiotics?

Review

13 Understanding Race

Speciation and Macroevolution

13.1 What Is a Species?

The Biological Species Concept

Speciation

Isolation and Divergence of Gene Pools

The Evolution of Reproductive Isolation

13.2 Are Human Races Biological?

The History of Human Races

The Morphological Species Concept

Modern Humans: A History

Genetic Evidence of Divergence

Human Races Are Not Isolated Biological Groups

Human Races Have Never Been Truly Isolated

13.3 Why Human Groups Differ

Natural Selection

Convergent Evolution

Genetic Drift

Sexual Selection

Assortative Mating

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Are affirmative action policies that favor black students applying for college admission good public policy?

Review

14 The Greatest Species on Earth?

Biodiversity and Classification

14.1 Biological Classification

How Many Species Exist?

Domains of Life

14.2 The Diversity of Life

The Domains Bacteria and Archaea

The Origin of the Domain Eukarya

The Protista

Kingdom Animalia

Kingdom Fungi

Kingdom Plantae

Not Quite Living: Viruses

14.3 Learning about Species

Reconstructing Evolutionary History

The Greatest Species on Earth

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should lab mice and rats have the same rights as other nonhuman animals?

Review

UNIT FOUR Ecology

15 Is the Human Population Too Large?

Population Ecology

15.1 Population Growth

Population Structure

Exponential Population Growth

The Demographic Transition

15.2 Limits to Population Growth

Carrying Capacity and Logistic Growth

Earth’s Carrying Capacity for Humans

15.3 The Future of the Human Population

A Possible Population Crash?

Avoiding Disaster

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Should the international community continue to provide food aid to populations experiencing food crises?

Review

16 Conserving Biodiversity

Community and Ecosystem Ecology

16.1 The Sixth Extinction

Measuring Extinction Rates

Causes of Extinction

16.2 The Consequences of Extinction

Loss of Resources

Predation, Mutualism, and Competition

Energy and Chemical Flows

Psychological Effects

16.3 Saving Species

Protecting Habitat

Small Populations Are Vulnerable

Conservation Genetics

Protecting Biodiversity versus Meeting Human Needs

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Is wind power good or bad for birds?

Review

17 The Human Footprint

Climate and Biomes

17.1 Climate Determines Habitability

Global Temperature and Precipitation Patterns

Local Influences on Climate

17.2 Terrestrial Biomes and the Human Footprint

Tundra

Desert

Forests and Shrublands

Grasslands

17.3 Aquatic Biomes and the Human Footprint

Freshwater

Saltwater

Sounds Right, But Is It?

THE BIG QUESTION Can my actions make a difference on global environmental issues?

Review

Appendix: Metric System Conversions

Engage students with relevant stories and help them develop scientific literacy skills

  • Each chapter weaves in a story based on a current issue or hot topic that presents and explains biological concepts, examples, and applications. NEW storylines include:
    • Chapter 7, Fertility
    • Chapter 8, Does Testing Save Lives
    • Chapter 9, Biology of Wrongful Convictions
    • Chapter 17, Ecological Footprints
    • Chapter 23, Zika in Pregnancy
  • UPDATED Storylines include:
    • Chapter 5 continues to address photosynthesis within a storyline about global climate change, but is updated to reflect humanity’s response via the Paris Agreement.
    • Chapter 13 still addresses the issue of supposed human races, but now through the lens of swimmer Simone Manuel’s historic gold medal in the 2016 Olympics.
    • Chapter 20 addresses the known and unknown health issues of electronic cigarettes and the practice of “vaping.”
  • Revised Unit One Coverage and New Chapters include Chapter 6: Mitosis and cancer, Chapter 7: Human fertility and reproduction along with meiosis, Chapter 8: Mendelian genetics and the development and use of newborn screening tests, Chapter 9: newly organized uses the storyline of wrongful convictions to help students learn about the inheritance of complex traits such as those used in identification of suspects by witnesses. In addition, the heritability section helps counter the notion that criminals are born not made, and the DNA profiling section explains how positive identification has been used to exonerate many wrongfully convicted individuals.

Make complex biology topics more manageable for non-science students

  • NEW! The Big Question feature presents a topic, followed by some smaller questions–some answerable by science and some not. Once students determine which of the smaller questions science can answer, data is presented related to one of these questions. Students analyze the data in light of both the smaller question addressed and the big question that headlines the feature.
  • NEW! Got it? questions help students assess their content comprehension through a series of fill-in-the-blank questions.
  • NEW! Chapter Review Summary now contains:
    • NEW! Show You Know questions encourage students to think critically about concepts and serve as starting points for classroom discussions.
    • NEW! Go Find Out includes activities students can perform on their own or in class in groups that challenge them to find information to answer biology questions.Suggestions for implementing these activities are included in the Instructor’s Manual.
    • NEW! Make the Connection exercises ask students to connect statements about the storyline to the key scientific concepts behind it to ensure that students truly understand the relationship between the story and the science.
  • Roots to Remember references appear in context within chapter discussions to help students learn the language of biology using word roots.
  • Visualize This questions within select figures encourage students to look more closely at figures to more fully understand their content.
  • Working with Data questions within select figures challenge students to analyze and apply their knowledge of biology to a graph or set of data.
  • Sounds Right, But Is It? activities at the end of each chapter address common student misconceptions about biology concepts.
  • Analogies in the book’s narrative and art compare abstract science with familiar objects and experiences, allowing students to better grasp difficult biological concepts.
  • Learning Outcomes are integrated in Mastering Biology where they can be tied directly to assessment.

Resources to bring active learning into your classroom

  • NEW! Ready-to-Go Teaching Modules make use of teaching tools for before, during, and after class, including new ideas for in-class activities. The modules incorporate the best that the text, Mastering Biology, and Learning Catalytics have to offer and can be accessed through the Instructor Resources area of Mastering Biology. Each module also includes a Teaching Tips video, in which the authors provide additional background and helpful hints for presenting the content in the context of particular storylines, in class or online.
  • “Flipped Classroom” Instructor’s Manual includes many activities that have been tested in the authors’ own classes. New to this edition are guidelines and suggestions for implementing the “Go Find Out” activities from the book in the classroom.
  • PowerPoint presentations accompany each chapter storyline to help instructors highlight the relevance of biology to everyday life. Many of these customizable lecture slides include new video clips.

Also available packaged with Mastering Biology or as a standalone Pearson eText


Mastering™ is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools developed to engage students and emulate the office-hour experience, Mastering personalizes learning and often improves results for each student. New to the 6th edition are author-created Figure Walkthrough videos that guide students to solidify their understanding of the concepts within challenging illustrations as well as Make the Connection activities that help students bridge the gap between each storyline and the science behind it, as well as Ready-to-Go Teaching Modules for select chapters that provide instructors with assignments to use before and after class, as well as in-class activities. Learn more about Mastering Biology.

  • NEW! Figure Walkthrough videos guide students through key figures with author-narrated explanations and figure markups.
  • NEW! Make the Connection Activities tie the storyline of the chapter to the key scientific concepts behind it to ensure that students truly understand the relationship between the story and the science.
  • Working with Data questions in each chapter challenge students to analyze and apply their knowledge of biology to a graph or set of data.
  • Evaluating Science in the Media activities ask students to examine selected media (websites, articles, videos) with a critical look at the sources and methods used to convey information.
  • Scientific Thinking Activities help students develop an understanding of how scientific research is conducted.
  • Everyday Biology Videos briefly explore interesting and relevant biology topics that relate to concepts that students are learning in class. These 20 videos, produced by the BBC, can be assigned in MasteringBiology with assessment questions.
  • NEW! 10 GraphIt! Coaching activities help students read, interpret, and create graphs that explore real environmental issues using real data.All 10 activities explore current topics such as the carbon footprint of food, fresh water availability, and ocean acidification in an entirely new mobile experience with accessible design.
  • HHMI Short Films are documentary-quality movies from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute with explorations from the discovery of the double helix to evolution and include assignable questions.
  • Current events articles are assignable and regularly updated to give instructors the opportunity to integrate current topics into their course.
  • Video Field Trips allow students to observe everyday environmental problems and solutions, including wind power, invasive species, and campus sustainability.
  • BioFlix™ 3D movie-quality animations help your students visualize complex biology topics and include automatically graded coaching activities with personalized feedback and hints.
  • ABC News Videos connect biology concepts to everyday life.

Integrate Active Learning and Assessment

  • NEW! Ready-to-Go Teaching Modules make use of teaching tools for before, during, and after class, including new ideas for in-class activities. The modules incorporate the best that the text, Mastering Biology, and Learning Catalytics have to offer and can be accessed through the Instructor Resources area of Mastering Biology. Each module also includes a Teaching Tips video, in which authors Colleen and Ginny provide additional background and helpful hints for presenting the content in the context of particular storylines, in class or online.
  • NEW! Pearson eText, optimized for mobile, seamlessly integrates videos and other rich media with the text andgives students access to their textbook anytime, anywhere. Pearson eText is available with Mastering Biology when packaged with new books, or as an upgrade students can purchase online. The mobile app offers:
    • Offline access on most iOS and Android phones/tablets.
    • Accessibility (screen-reader ready)
    • Configurable reading settings, including resizable type and night reading mode
    • Instructor and student note-taking, highlighting, bookmarking, and search tools
    • Embedded videos for a more interactive learning experience
  • Learning Catalytics™ helps generate class discussion, customize lectures, and promote peer-to-peer learning with real-time analytics. Learning Catalytics acts as a student response tool that uses students’ smartphones, tablets, or laptops to engage them in more interactive tasks and thinking.
    • Help your students develop critical thinking skills.
    • Monitor responses to find out where your students are struggling.
    • Rely on real-time data to adjust your teaching strategy.
    • Automatically group students for discussion, teamwork, and peer-to-peer learning.
    • NEW! Upload a full PowerPoint® deck for easy creation of slide questions.
    • NEW! Team names are no longer case sensitive
  • Dynamic Study Modules (DSMs) help students study effectively on their own by continuously assessing their activity and performance in real time. Students complete a set of questions with a unique answer format that also asks them to indicate their confidence level of confidence in their answer. Questions repeat until the student can answer them all correctly and confidently. These are available as graded assignments prior to class, and accessible on smartphones, tablets, and computers. Instructors can now remove questions from Dynamic Study Modules to better fit their course.

Pearson eText allows educators to easily share their own notes with students so they see the connection between their reading and what they learn in class—motivating them to keep reading, and keep learning. Portable access lets students study on the go, even offline. And, reading analytics offer insight into how students use the eText, helping educators tailor their instruction. Learn more about Pearson eText.


Check out the preface for a complete list of features and what's new in this edition.

Colleen Belk and Virginia Borden Maier collaborated on teaching biology to nonmajors for over a decade at the University of Minnesota—Duluth. This collaboration has continued for an additional decade through Virginia’s move to St. John Fisher College in Rochester, New York, and has been enhanced by their differing but complementary areas of expertise. In addition to the nonmajors course, Colleen Belk teaches general biology for majors, genetics, cell biology, and molecular biology courses. Virginia Borden Maier teaches general biology for majors, evolutionary biology, zoology, plant biology, ecology, and conservation biology courses.

After several somewhat painful attempts at teaching the breadth of biology to non-majors in a single semester, the two authors came to the conclusion that they needed to find a better way. They realized that their students were more engaged when they understood how biology directly affected their lives. Colleen and Virginia began to structure their lectures around stories they knew would interest students. When they began letting the story drive the science, they immediately noticed a difference in student engagement and willingness to work harder at learning biology. Not only has this approach increased student understanding, but it has also increased the authors’ enjoyment in teaching the course—presenting students with fascinating stories infused with biological concepts is simply a lot more fun.