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Visualizing Technology Complete

Visualizing Technology Complete

6th Edition

Debra Geoghan

Jan 2017, Paperback, 704 pages
ISBN13: 9780134608204
ISBN10: 0134608208
For orders to USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand or Japan visit your local Pearson website
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This book covers all of the traditional topics taught in a Computer Concepts, Digital Literacy, or Computer Literacy course.


Visualizing Technology is a highly visual, engaging computer concepts textbook. Unlike other textbooks, Visualizing Technology does not include pages full of long paragraphs. Instead, important topics are presented in the way students are hardwired to think--with smaller sections of text, creative use of images for easier understanding, and chapters that are organized as articles with catchy headlines.


The sixth edition continues to provide a hands-on approach to learning computer concepts in which students learn a little and then apply what they are learning in a project or simulation, or watch a Viz Clip video to dive deeper into the subject matter. Each chapter has two How-To projects focused on Digital Literacy and Essential Job Skills so that students are gaining the skills needed for professional and personal success. Additionally, students learn about the important topics of ethics, green computing, and careers in every chapter.


As technology continually evolves, so does the content. In this new edition, all of the content has been reviewed and updated to cover the latest technology, including Windows 10, masOS Sierra, and more coverage of troubleshooting and security. The Pearson eText 2.0 adds a new level of accessibility and interactivity, and new infographics provide a truly visual picture of key topics.


Highlights of what’s new in this edition

  • NEW. Digital Competency Badge offered through Pearson MyLab™ IT

  • NEW. Pearson eText 2.0 provides an interactive and accessible learning experience

  • UPDATED. All content updated for currency

  • ADDED. A variety of Infographics illustrate complex topics visually

  • UPDATED. Viz Clip videos have been updated as needed

  • ADDED. More coverage of Windows 10, macOS Sierra

  • ADDED. More coverage of troubleshooting and security

The optimal way to experience Visualizing Technology is with Pearson MyLab IT. All of the instruction, practice, review, and assessment resources are in one place, allowing you to arrange your course from an instructional perspective that gives students a consistent, measurable learning experience from chapter to chapter.


Available with MyLab IT

Pearson MyLab IT is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed for Information Technology (IT) courses, to engage students and improve results. MyLab IT for Computer Concepts provides activities for Instruction, Practice, Review, and Assessment in a fully integrated course, providing a seamless learning experience. The integrated Pearson eText allows students to experience continuous digital learning in an interactive environment.


Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyLab™ & Mastering™ does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with MyLab & Mastering, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.


1. What is a Computer
What Does a Computer Do? 
Objective 1. Explain the Functions of a Computer 
Necessity Is the Mother of Invention
The Information Processing Cycle 
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Capture a Screenshot of Your Desktop 
A Brief History of Computers 
Objective 2. Describe the Evolution of Computer Hardware 
History of Computers 
Moore’s Law 
Green Computing - Smart Homes
Bits and Bytes 
Objective 3. Describe How Computers Represent Data Using Binary Code 
Binary Code 
Measuring Data 
Career Spotlight - Bioinformatics
Let’s Get Personal 
Objective 4. List the Various Types and Characteristics of Personal Computers 
Desktop Computers 
Notebook Computers 
MAC, PC, or Something Else?
Ergonomics 
Universal Design
How To: Essential Job Skill - Ergonomics
Beyond the Desktop 
Objective 5. Give Examples of Other Personal Computing Devices 
Mobile Devices
Video Game Systems and Simulations
Computing on a Large Scale
Objective 6. List the Various Types and Characteristics of Multiuser Computers 
Servers 
Supercomputers 
Distributed and Grid Computing 
Computers Are Everywhere: Ubiquitous Computing 
Objective 7. Explain Ubiquitous Computing and Convergence 
Embedded Computers
Convergence 
Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Ethics - the Internet of Things
End of Chapter
MindMap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

2. Application Software
Making Business Work 
Objective 1. Identify Types and Uses of Business Productivity Software 
Office Suites 
Other Types of Business Software 
Making it Personal 
Objective 2. Identify Types and Uses of Personal Software 
Office Applications 
Finance and Tax Preparation Software 
Entertainment and Multimedia Software 
Educational and Reference Software 
Portable Apps 
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Create a Document Using WordPad or TextEdit
Will It Run? 
Objective 3. Assess a Computer System for Software Compatibility 
Your System Specs 
System Requirements 
Career Spotlight - Software Trainers
Where to Get It 
Objective 4. Compare Various Ways of Obtaining Software 
Licensing 
Free or Fee 
Sources of Software 
Your Head in the Cloud 
Objective 5. Discuss the Importance of Cloud Computing 
Cloud Computing 
How To: Essential Job Skill - Create a Mobile App with Appy Pie
Managing Software on Your System 
Objective 6. Install, Uninstall, and Update Software 
Installing Software 
Updating and Uninstalling Software 
Green Computing - Online and Downloaded Programs vs. Store-bought Software
Ethics - Sharing Software
End of Chapter
MindMap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

3. File Management
A Place for Everything 
Objective 1. Create Folders to Organize Files 
Navigating Your Computer 
Creating and Using Folders
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Organize Your Files
What’s in a Name? 
Objective 2. Explain the Importance of File Extensions 
File Names and Extensions 
File Properties 
Back It Up 
Objective 3. Explain the Importance of Backing Up Files 
Windows File History
macOS Time Machine
Other Backup Software 
Backup to the Cloud 
Cloud Storage
Green Computing - The Paperless Office
Shrink It 
Objective 4. Demonstrate How to Compress Files 
Types of File Compression 
Working With File Compression
How To: Essential Job Skill - Create a Compressed (Zipped) Folder
It’s Always in the Last Place You Look 
Objective 5. Use Advanced Search Options to Locate Files
Using Windows to Search for Files 
Searching in macOS
Using Boolean Logic to Refine Searches
That’s Not the Program I Want to Open This File
Objective 6. Change the Default Program Associated with a File Type
Setting Program Defaults
Managing File Type Associations
Career Spotlight - Certification of Federal Records Management
End of Chapter
MindMap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

4. Hardware
The CPU: The Brains of the Operation
Objective 1. Explain the Functions of a CPU

Instruction Cycle
CPU Performance
Getting to Know Your System
Objective 2. Identify the Parts of a System Unit and Motherboard
The Motherboard
Ports and Connectors
BIOS and Memory
A Place for Everything
Objective 3. Compare Storage Devices
Optical Discs
Flash Memory
Hard Drives
Disconnecting an External Drive
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Assess Your Computer Hardware
What Goes In . . .
Objective 4. List and Describe Common Input Devices
Keyboards
The Mouse and Other Pointing Devices
Digital Cameras and Webcams
Scanners
Microphones and Game Controllers 
. . . Must Come Out
Objective 5. List and Describe Essential Video and Audio Output Devices
Video Output Devices
Audio Output Devices
Pick a Printer
Objective 6. Compare Various Types of Printers
Photo Printers, Inkjets, And Dye-Sublimation Printers
Thermal And 3d Printers
Laser Printers, Plotters, And Multifunction Devices
How To: Essential Job Skill - Reduce Energy Consumption Using PowerSettings
Adaptation: Making Technology Work for You
Objective 7. Explain and Provide Examples of Adaptive Technology
Adaptive Input Devices
Adaptive Output Devices
Communicate, Communicate, Communicate
Objective 8. Discuss Important Communication Devices
Network Adapters
Modems and Fax Devices
Career Spotlight - Computer Sales
Green Computing- Shop Smart
End of Chapter
MindMap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

5. System Software
Who’s the Boss? 
Objective 1. Explain What an Operating System Does 
Provides User Interface
Manages Resources and Controls Hardware
Interacts with Software 
How To: Keep Your Desktop OS Up to Date
Green Computing - Power Management
Desktop Operating Systems
Objective 2. Compare Desktop Operating Systems
Windows
macOS
Ethics - Hackintosh
Linux
Beta Software
Make Your OS Work for You
Objective 3. Configure a Desktop Operating System
Configuring Your OS
User Accounts
Something Special for You
Objective 4. Compare Specialized Operating Systems
Embedded Operating Systems
Career Spotlight - Helpdesk
The NOS Knows
Objective 5. Compare the Most Common Network Operating Systems
What is an NOS?
Utilities You Should Use
Objective 6. List and Explain Important Utility Software
Why Use Disk Utilities?
Utilities for Disk Health
Security Software
Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Objective 7. Troubleshoot Common Computer Problems
Basic Troubleshooting Methods
Saving Energy and Extending Battery Life
Configuring Hardware
How To: Essential Job Skill - Back Up Important Files
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

6. Digital Devices and Multimedia
Digital Camera Basics 
Objective 1. Explain the Features of Digital Cameras
Key Features
Types of Digital Cameras
Bridging the Gap: Transferring Photos
Objective 2. Compare Methods for Transferring Images from a Digital Camera
Memory Cards
Connecting Via Cable
Wireless and Cloud Transfer
A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words
Objective 3. Identify Several Ways to Edit and Print Photos
Editing Photos
Printing and Sharing Photos
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Edit a Photo Using Windows Photos or macOS Photos App
Making Sense of Sound
Objective 4. Recognize Important Audio File Types
Audio File Types
Ethics - DRM
Media Software
Speech Recognition
Green Computing - E-Waste
Lights, Camera, Action
Objective 5. Describe Several Ways to Create Videos
Videoconferencing, Webcasting, and Streaming Video
Video Cameras
Screen Capture
Sharing Video
Career Spotlight - Healthcare
How To: Essential Job Skill - Create a Screen Capture Video Using Screencast-O-Matic
Technology on the Move
Objective 6. Compare Portable Media Players, Tablets, and Smartphones
Analog vs. Digital
Portable Media Players
Smartphones
Tablets
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

Chapter 7 The Internet
Internet Timeline
Objective 1. Recognize the Importance of the Internet
How It All Got Started
World Wide Web
Internet2
Get Connected
Objective 2. Compare Types of Internet Connections
How do You Get Connected?
Access For All
Surf’s Up
Objective 3. Compare Popular Web Browsers
Browsers
Configuring Your Web Browser
Add-Ons, Plug-Ins, and Toolbars
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Use Google Drive
Navigating the Net
Objective 4. Demonstrate How to Navigate the Web
Web Addresses
Ethics - Cybersquatting
Smart Searching
Career Spotlight - Web Designer
How To: Essential Job Skill - Create a Website Using Wix
Would I Lie to You?
Objective 5. Discuss How to Evaluate the Credibility of Information Found on the Web
Who Wrote it?
What About the Design?
Green Computing - Telecommuting to Save
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

8. Communicating and Sharing: The Social Web
Talk to Me 
Objective 1. Compare Different Forms of Synchronous Online Communication
Chat and IM
VoIP
Leave a Message
Objective 2. Compare Different Forms of Asynchronous Online Communication
How Do You Read and Send Email?
Parts of an Email Message
Text and Multimedia Messaging
Forums and Discussion Boards
There’s a Place for Everyone …
Objective 3. Discuss the Impact of Social Media in Society
Social Media
Social Video, Image, and Music Sites
Presenting Yourself Online
Green Computing - Raising Social Awareness - ALS Ice Bucket Challenge
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Create a LinkedIn Profile
Get Your Word Out
Objective 4. Locate User-Generated Content in the Form of a Blog or Podcast
Blogs
Podcasts
RSS
Crowdfunding
How To: Essential Job Skill - Create a Blog with Blogger
The Wisdom of the Crowd
Objective 5. Discuss How Wikis and Other Social Media Sites Rely on the Wisdom of the Crowd
Wikis
Social Review Sites
Social Bookmarking and News Sites
Ethics - Promoting Content
E-Commerce
Objective 6. Explain the Influence of Social Media on E-commerce
Types of E-Commerce
How Safe Is My Credit Card?
Online Tools For Business
Objective 7. Compare Social Media and Other Online Technologies Used in Business
Facebook Pages
Twitter
Search Engines
Digital Communication Tools
Career Spotlight - Blogger
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

9. Networks and Communication
From Sneakernet to Hotspots
Objective 1. Discuss the Importance of Computer Networks
Peer-to-Peer Networks
Client-Server Networks
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Examine Network and Sharing Settings 
LANs and WANs
Objective 2. Compare Different Types of LANs and WANs
Small Networks
Lan Topologies
Large Networks 
Network Hardware
Objective 3. List and Describe the Hardware Used in both Wired and Wireless Networks
Network Adapters
Network Connectivity Hardware
Software and Protocols
Objective 4. List and Describe Network Software and Protocols
Peer-to-Peer Network Software
Client-Server Network Software
Network Protocols
Green Computing - Server Virtualization
Career Spotlight - Network Administrator
How To: Essential Job Skill - Check Your System Security Software
Protecting Your Network
Objective 5. Explain How to Protect a Network
Layer 1: The Fence
Layer 2: Door Locks
Layer 3: Alarm Systems
Layer 4: Guard Dogs
Ethics - Piggybacking and Wardriving
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

10. Security and Privacy
Cybercrime: They Are Out to Get You 
Objective 1. Recognize Different Types of Cybercrime 
Personal Cybercrime 
Cybercrime Against Organizations 
How To: Configure Secure Browser Settings Using Google Chrome
Malware: Pick Your Poison 
Objective 2. Differentiate between Various Types of Malware
Spam and Cookies
Adware and Spyware 
Viruses, Worms, Trojans, and Rootkits 
Shields Up! 
Objective 3. Explain How to Secure a Computer
Software
Hardware
Operating System
An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure
Objective 4. Practice Safe Computing
User Accounts
Securing Accounts 
Encryption
Safely Installing Software
Updating and Uninstalling Software
Acceptable Use Policies
Green Computing - Botnets
How To: Essential Job Skill - Secure a Microsoft Word Document
The Law Is on Your Side 
Objective 5. Discuss Laws Related to Computer Security and Privacy 
The Enforcers
Ethics - Backdoor Encryption Keys
Current Laws
Career Spotlight - IT Security
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - also Grader projects in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

11. Databases
Database Basics 
Objective 1. Identify the Parts of a Database 
Tables, Fields, and Records
Forms, Queries, and Reports
Green Computing - Green Datacenters
A Database for Every Purpose
Objective 2. Compare the Four Types of Databases
Flat Databases
Relational Databases
Object-Oriented Databases
Multidimensional Databases
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Create a Form Using Google Drive
The Tools of the Trade
Objective 3. Explain Database Management Systems 
Creating a Database 
Data Validation 
SQL 
Output 
Career Spotlight - Database Administrator
How To: Essential Job Skill - Create a Customer Database
Data In … Information Out
Objective 4. Discuss Important Types of Information Systems
Office Support Systems 
Transaction Processing
Management Information Systems
Decision Support Systems
Business Intelligence and Big Data
Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence
Real World Databases
Objective 5. List Examples of Databases Used in Law Enforcement and Research
Law Enforcement
Science
Ethics - DNA collection
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - Word project is also a Grader in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

Chapter 12 Program Development
Getting from Idea to Product
Objective 1. Describe the System Development Life Cycle
System Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
Other Development Models
Green Computing - Programming Efficiency
Coding the System
Objective 2. Describe the Program Development Cycle
Program Development Cycle
How To: Digital Literacy Skill - Create a Flowchart
Career Spotlight - Software Development
Tools of the Trade
Objective 3. Compare Various Programming Languages
Programming Languages
Programming Tools
Web Programming
Mobile App Development
How To: Essential Job Skill - Automate a Task Using a Macro in Word
Artificial Intelligence
Objective 4. Explain the Term Artificial Intelligence
Applications 
Expert Systems
Neural Networks 
Ethics - Documenting Code
End of Chapter
Mindmap
Objective Recap
Key Terms & Summary
End of Chapter Exercises
Application Projects - PowerPoint project is also a Grader in MIL
Viz Check Quizzes throughout chapter

In this new edition, all of the content has been reviewed and updated to cover the latest technology, including Windows 10, Mac OS X El Capitan, and more coverage of troubleshooting and security. The Pearson eText 2.0 adds a new level of accessibility and interactivity, and new infographics provide a truly visual picture of key topics.


Highlights of what’s new in this edition

  • NEW. Digital Competency Badge offered through Pearson MyLab IT

  • NEW. Pearson eText 2.0 provides an interactive and accessible learning experience

  • UPDATED. All content updated for currency

  • ADDED. A variety of Infographics illustrate complex topics visually

  • UPDATED. Viz Clip videos have been updated as needed

  • ADDED. More coverage of Windows 10, macOS Sierra

  • ADDED. More coverage of troubleshooting and security

Hallmark features of the book

  • Appeal to visual and kinesthetic learners: Visualizing Technology covers all of the traditional topics taught in a Computer Concepts course, but in a non-traditional way.

    • A highly visual layout with bite-sized chunks of text appeals to the learning styles of students today–visual and kinesthetic.

      • Every page is designed to present the content in a visually engaging way–just like students would see on their favorite websites.

    • Chapters are organized as articles with catchy headlines to draw students into the material.

      • Each Chapter Objective appears on a two- or four-page spread to provide concise coverage of the material.

      • A Running Project provides students with a hands-on activity for each Objective, and is included in every chapter.

    • Images and Infographics represent concepts in interesting and engaging ways so the concepts are easy for students to remember.

  • Hands-on activities and engaging content keep students motivated.

    • A Running Project continues throughout each chapter to guide students through concepts as they learn the material by doing, not just by reading.

    • How-To Projects provide active learning for real-world skills.

      • Every chapter has a Digital Literacy project and an Essential Job Skills project to ensure students are gaining the practical skills they need for today’s work environment.

      • How-To Videos accompany each project to show how to complete the hands-on projects.

      • Topics include basic website creation, mobile application creation, video creation, and using social media for brand marketing.

    • End-of-chapter projects also include Running Project, Critical Thinking, Do It Yourself, Ethical Dilemma, On The Web, and Collaboration.

  • Review and assessment features help you make sure that students are learning the material. These are also available as interactive assignments in MyLab IT.

    • Viz Check review quizzes provide a self-check of several objectives per chapter, so students can see how well they are learning the content.

    • End-of-chapter resources also include Mindmap visual review; Objective recaps; Key Terms; Summary; and Review Exercises–Multiple Choice, True or False, and Fill in the Blank.

    • End-of-chapter quizzes covers all of the chapter objectives from the chapter.

  • Keep your course current with in-chapter elements that cover hot topics.

    • Things You Need To Know boxes at the end of each Objective provide a brief summary of key topics.

    • Find Out More boxes direct readers to the Web to learn more, along with questions they can answer.

    • The Green Computing element discusses the efficient and eco-friendly use of computers and other technology.

    • Ethics boxes pose an ethical dilemma and ask students to ponder the legality or ethics of the situation and Ethical Dilemmas provide great discussion opportunities

Also available with MyLab IT

Pearson MyLab™ IT is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed for Information Technology (IT) courses, to engage students and improve results. MyLab IT for Computer Concepts provides activities for Instruction, Practice, Review, and Assessment in a fully integrated course, providing a seamless learning experience. The integrated Pearson eText allows students to experience continuous digital learning in an interactive environment.

  • The interactive Pearson eText 2.0 provides an accessible, environment in which students can interact with the learning resources as they are encountered.

    • Viz Intro videos provide an overview of the objectives covered in the chapter.

    • Viz Clip videos dig deeper into key topics in the chapter in an engaging, YouTube™-like approach.

    • How-To Project videos walk students through the two chapter project.

  • IT Simulations provide students with interactive, hands-on lessons on real-world topics that engage students in active learning that demonstrates understanding.

    • Windows 10 training simulations allow students to explore Windows in a safe, guided environment that provides feedback and Learning Aids (Watch and Practice) to assist them if they need help.

  • Application Projects provide a real-world way to demonstrate Productivity mastery and critical thinking skills. These are available as Grader Projects in MyLab IT.

  • PowerPoint® presentations can be used in class for lecture or assigned to students, particularly online students, for instruction and review.

    • Audio PowerPoint presentations deliver audio versions of the PowerPoint presentation--an excellent lecture-replacement option for online students.

  • TechBytes Weekly provides a time-saving news site that allows instructors to add pre-curated, interesting, timely, and relevant news items to their weekly lectures without having to search themselves. TIA Weekly also features valuable links and other resources, including discussion questions and course activities.

  • Testbank exams are customizable, pre-built, auto-graded, objective-based questions covering every chapter's objectives.