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Social Welfare

Social Welfare

Politics and Public Policy, Enhanced Pearson eText -- Access Card
8th Edition

Diana DiNitto, David Johnson

Sep 2015, Access / Pin Card, 552 pages
ISBN13: 9780133960549
ISBN10: 0133960544
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Acknowledged as the most comprehensive, easy-to-read introduction to social welfare policy available, Social Welfare: Politics and Public Policy, 8/e, emphasizes the current political aspects of policy making and major social welfare programs, including public assistance, Social Security, disability, health insurance, child welfare, and much more. Social Welfare does more than describe the major social welfare policies and programs; it also tackles the conflict and controversies involved in the processes and outcomes of policy making. It contrasts rational and political approaches to policy making, policy analysis, policy implementation, and policy evaluation. The authors present conflicting perspectives, encouraging students to think critically, to debate, and to consider their own views on issues. The Enhanced Pearson eText features video links and embedded assessments.

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Brief Table of Contents Introduction: Politics, Rationalism, and Social Welfare Policy
1. Politics and the Policymaking Process 2. Analyzing, Implementing, and Evaluating Social Welfare Policy 3. Politics and the History of Social Welfare Policy 4. Ending Poverty: Is It an Issue Anymore? 5. Preventing Poverty: Social Insurance and Personal Responsibility 6. Disability Policy: Embracing a Civil Rights Perspective 7. Helping Needy Families 8. Providing Healthcare: Can All Americans Be Insured? 9. Preventing Poverty: Education and Employment Policy 10. Providing Social Services: Help for Children, Older Americans, and
Individuals with Mental and Substance Use Disorders 11. The Challenges of a Diverse Society: Gender and Sexual Orientation 12. The Challenges of a Diverse Society: Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration Conclusion: Politics, Rationalism, and the Future of Social Welfare Policy Detailed Table of Contents Introduction: Politics, Rationalism, and Social Welfare Policy 1
What Is Social Welfare Policy? 2 Social Welfare Policy: A Rational Approach 4 Social Welfare Policy: A Political Approach 6 Summary 11 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 12 Resources 12 Notes 12 1. Politics and the Policymaking Process 15 The Policymaking Process 15 Financing the Welfare State 28 Summary 34 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 34 Resources 35 Notes 35 2. Analyzing, Implementing, and Evaluating Social Welfare Policy 39 The Politics of Policy Analysis 39 The Politics of Policy Implementation 43 The Politics of Policy Evaluation 50 Summary 68 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 69 Resources 69 3. Politics and the History of Social Welfare Policy 73 The Early History of Social Welfare Policy in America 73 The Great Depression and Fdr’s New Deal 76 LBJ and the War on Poverty 77 More Social Welfare Expansion 81 The Reagan and Bush Years 83 The Presidential Years of Bill Clinton 88 The George W. Bush Presidency 90 Barack Obama’s Presidency 96 Summary 100 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 100 Resources 101 Notes 101 4. Ending Poverty: Is It an Issue Anymore? 107 What Is Poverty? 107 Why Are the Poor, Poor? 121 The Politics of Hunger 128 The Politics of Affordable Housing 132 Poor and Homeless: Not Invisible AnyMore 136 A Fundamental Shift 139 Does Welfare Cause Poverty? 140 Whither Public Assistance? 141 Summary 144 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 145 Resources 146 Notes 146 5. Preventing Poverty: Social Insurance and Personal Responsibility 153 Preventing Poverty Through Compulsory Savings 153 Social Security: The World’s Largest Social Welfare Program 155 Social Security’s Goals: Adequacy, Equity, and Efficiency 163 Saving Social Security 170 Public Policy and Private Pensions 176 Unemployment Insurance 178 Workers’ Compensation 183 Summary 187 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 188 Resources 188 Notes 188 6. Disability Policy: Embracing a Civil Rights Perspective 195 Disability and Civil Rights 196 Public Assistance and Disability 204 Veterans Administration Disability System 215 Disability and Work 215 Disability Policy for Children 221 Disability Policy for the Future 225 Summary 225 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 226 Resources 227 Notes 227 7. Helping Needy Families 237 From Mothers’ Aid to AFDC 237 Making Parents Pay: A History of Child Support Enforcement 239 Benefits of Child Support 241 Child Support Enforcement Agency’s Services 241 Child Support Enforcement’s Effectiveness 245 State Compliance and Cse Privatization 248 The Reincarnations of Welfare and Work 249 Why the Fuss About “Welfare”? 252 Has Welfare as We Knew It Ended? 256 Spending Forecast 267 How Effective Has TANF Been? 268 TANF’s Future 270 Summary 270 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 271 Resources 272 Notes 272 8. Providing Healthcare: Can All Americans Be Insured? 281 Good Health or Medical Attention? 281 How Americans Pay for Healthcare 284 What Ails Healthcare? 301 Incrementalism and the 2009—2010 Effort for Universal Healthcare 308 Healthcare: More Ethical Dilemmas 318 Summary 322 Discussion and Class Activities 323 Resources 323 Notes 324 9. Preventing Poverty: Education and Employment Policy 331 Education for the Few or the Many? 331 Public Education: The Progressive Era to World War II 333 The Post World War II Era: Increased Federal Involvement in Education 334 Was Thirty Years of Educational Reform Necessary? 346 Education and the Obama Administration 347 Federal Reluctance in Employment Policy 348 Reluctance Overcome: The New Deal 349 The War on Poverty: The Search for a Cure 350 Minimum Wages and Living Wages 357 Economic Crisis, the Bush Bailout, and the Obama Stimulus Plan 359 Summary 360 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 361 Resources 362 Notes 363 10. Providing Social Services: Help for Children, Older Americans, and
Individuals with Mental and Substance Use Disorders 369
Social Services in the United States 369 Child Welfare Policy and Services 372 Social Services for Older Americans 393 Social Services for Individuals with Mental and Substance Use Disorders 399 Summary 415 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 416 Resources 417 Notes 418 11. The Challenges of a Diverse Society: Gender and Sexual Orientation 427 The Feminization of Poverty 427 Women in Political Office 433 Resuscitating the Equal Rights Amendment 434 Family Care 436 No Middle Ground on Abortion Rights 438 Confronting Violence Against Women 446 The Era of Lgbt Rights 453 Summary 462 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 462 Websites 463 Notes 464
12. The Challenges of a Diverse Society: Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration 471
Racial Equality: How Far Have We Come? 471 The Civil Rights Acts 472 School Desegregation 473 Housing and Racial Discrimination 478 Affirmative Action 481 Voting Rights 487 American Indians and Public Policy 491 Racial and Ethnic Targeting 494 Immigration and Social Welfare 499 Summary 514 Discussion Questions and Class Activities 515 Resources 516 Notes 516

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Additional text features include:

  • Engages readers with an easy-to-read, informative, time-tested presentation that instructors have used for 35 years. New co-author, David Johnson, adds strength to the discussion of issues, particularly in critical issues such as healthcare.
  • Contrasts rational and political approaches to social welfare policy and provides models for analyzing and evaluating social policies and programs to help students develop policy practice skills.
  • Presents contrasting points of view that place social welfare policymaking in dynamic perspective in the current policy environment.
  • UPDATED: Discusses the latest in public policies, such as the status of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), including major Supreme Court decisions. (See Chapter 8)
  • UPDATED: Considers alternatives to current social welfare policies and programs to help students think critically about public policy and what alternatives the U.S. should pursue. (i.e. Chapter 5 (How to modernize and keep Social Security and other social insurance programs solvent), Ch. 9 (How we can reduce income and other social inequalities), Ch. 7 (How we can promote responsible parenthood), Ch. 8 (How we can see that all Americans have health insurance), Ch. 9 (How we can reduce income and other social inequalities), and 10 (The war on drugs)).
  • UPDATED: Considers issues such as campaign finance, political contributions, and lobbying— topics often not covered in social welfare policy texts—to help students recognize the complexity of social welfare policies and programs. (See Chapter 1)
  • Considers six different ways to look at poverty and the different approaches to poverty that emanate from them (See Chapter 4); also looks at different perspectives from which to view disability and the different approaches that have resulted. (See Chapter 6)
  • Addresses issues of financing social welfare programs, including tax policy and federal budget deficits as well as the politics involved in influencing candidates and legislation through political action committees and campaign financing.
  • NEW: Presents the latest developments in LGBT rights such as the repeal of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell and legislation and court decisions supporting same-sex marriage. (See Chapter 11)
  • UPDATED: Updated figures on poverty and health insurance coverage by age, race, and other sociodemographic factors help students see the current state of affairs and the changes that have occurred over time as a result of public policy.
  • UPDATED: Updated comparisons with other countries and international views help students see where the U.S. stands in relation to other countries and the approaches other countries use to helping those in need. Information is also provided on international conventions on children’s rights and on disability. (See Chapters 4, 7, and 8)
  • UPDATED: Updated illustrations (boxed inserts, examples, tables, charts) help students visualize how they can become involved in the policy making processes, connect policies and programs to real life examples, and evaluate public policy. (i.e. Introduction, Chapters 1 and 2)
  • NEW: New tables and figures help readers visualize changes, trends, and other facets of social welfare.
  • Supplements teaching and learning with chapters that include discussion questions, activities, and extensive references. An Instructor’s Manual with test questions and PowerPoint presentations is also available.

Diana DiNitto is Cullen Trust Centennial Professor in Alcohol Studies and Education and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin where she teaches courses in social welfare policy, alcohol and drug problems, research, and pedagogy. She has a MSW degree and a Ph.D. in government from Florida State University. She has worked in detoxification, halfway house, and outpatient chemical dependency treatment programs. She is also coauthor of Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach, Fourth Edition (Allyn & Bacon, 2012) and Social Work: Issues and Opportunities in a Challenging Profession, Third Edition (Lyceum Books, 2008). Her research is on substance abuse, violence against women, and social welfare policy. She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare and serves as a member of its Social Work Grand Challenges Executive Committee. Dr. DiNitto has served on the boards of the Council and Social Work Education, the Association for Medical Education and Research on Substance Abuse, and the Texas Research Society on Alcoholism. She has been a visiting professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Sydney (Australia), and Tallinn University (Estonia). She is an advocate for better-informed drug policies and often speaks on the subject.

David Johnson is an Associate Professor of Social Work at Millersville University. He teaches courses in social welfare policy from both economics and legal frameworks perspectives as well as macro practice and human behavior in the social environment across both undergraduate and graduate social work programs. He is a mediator certified to practice before the Texas courts and has developed electives in mediation at both the undergraduate and graduate level at Millersville. Dr. Johnson is the coauthor with Diana M. DiNitto of Essentials of Social Welfare: Politics and Public Policy (Allyn & Bacon, 2013) and co-authored two chapters in the Seventh Edition of Social Welfare: Politics and Public Policy (Allyn & Bacon, 2011). He has also authored or co-authored a number of instructor resources for Pearson in the policy area over the past several years. He has presented at numerous national and regional conferences. He was previously affiliated with the Health Behavior Research and Training Institute at the University of Texas at Austin. Prior to that, he served as Executive Director of AIDS Services Coalition of Hattiesburg, Mississippi. He has served on numerous boards of directors in several states and currently serves as President of the Lancaster County (PA) Medical Foundation. He is a member of the Council on Social Work Education.