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Chemical Process Equipment Design

Chemical Process Equipment Design

Richard Turton, Joseph Shaeiwitz

Jan 2017, Paperback, 416 pages
ISBN13: 9780133804478
ISBN10: 013380447X
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The Concise, Easy-to-Use Guide to Designing Chemical Process Equipment and Evaluating Its Performance

Trends such as shale-gas resource development call for a deeper understanding of chemical engineering equipment and design. Chemical Process Equipment Design complements leading texts by providing concise, focused coverage of these topics, filling a major gap in undergraduate chemical engineering education.

Richard Turton and Joseph A. Shaeiwitz present relevant design equations, show how to analyze operation of existing equipment, and offer a practical methodology for designing new equipment and for solving common problems. Theoretical derivations are avoided in favor of working equations, practical computational strategies, and approximately eighty realistic worked examples. The authors identify which equation applies to each situation, and show exactly how to use it to design equipment.

By the time undergraduates have worked through this material, they will be able to create preliminary designs for most process equipment found in a typical chemical plant that processes gases and/or liquids. They will also learn how to evaluate the performance of that equipment, even when operating conditions differ from the design case.

Coverage includes

  • Process fluid mechanics: designing and evaluating pumps, compressors, valves, and other piping systems
  • Process heat transfer: designing and evaluating heat exchange equipment
  • Separation equipment: understanding fundamental relationships underlying separation devices, designing them, and assessing their performance
  • Reactors: basic equations and specific issues relating to chemical reactor equipment design and performance
  • Other equipment: preliminary analysis and design for pressure vessels, simple phase-separators (knock-out drums), and steam ejectors

This guide draws on fifty years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University and elsewhere. It complements popular undergraduate textbooks for practical courses in fluid mechanics, heat transfer, reactors, or separations; supports senior design courses; and can serve as a core title in courses on equipment design.

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Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Authors xv

Chapter 1: Process Fluid Mechanics 1

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Basic Relationships in Fluid Mechanics 1

1.2 Fluid Flow Equipment 7

1.3 Frictional Pipe Flow 13

1.4 Other Flow Situations 28

1.5 Performance of Fluid Flow Equipment 41

Chapter 2: Process Heat Transfer 77

2.0 Introduction 77

2.1 Basic Heat-Exchanger Relationships 77

2.2 Heat-Exchange Equipment Design and Characteristics 84

2.3 LMTD Correction Factor for Multiple Shell and Tube Passes 95

2.4 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficients–Resistances in Series 104

2.5 Estimation of Individual Heat Transfer Coefficients and Fouling Resistances 106

2.6 Extended Surfaces 135

2.7 Algorithm and Worked Examples for the Design of Heat Exchangers 144

2.8 Performance Problems 154

Chapter 3: Separation Equipment 185

3.0 Introduction 185

3.1 Basic Relationships in Separations 186

3.2 Illustrative Diagrams 193

3.3 Equipment 221

3.4 Extraction Equipment 251

3.5 Gas Permeation Membrane Separations 253

Chapter 4: Reactors 275

4.0 Introduction 275

4.1 Basic Relationships 276

4.2 Equipment Design for Nonisothermal Conditions 294

4.3 Performance Problems 317

Chapter 5: Other Equipment 331

5.0 Introduction 331

5.1 Pressure Vessels 332

5.2 Knockout Drums or Simple Phase Separators 340

5.3 Steam Ejectors 365

Index 383

  • Focuses on practical equipment design, presenting only directly relevant equations and theory
  • Contains many worked examples, end-of-chapter problems, and computational strategies throughout
  • Provides easy-to-use software for more involved design calculations
  • The perfect supplement to virtually any current text covering unit operations, heat transfer, and process design

Richard Turton is the WVU Bolton Professor and has taught in the chemical and biomedical engineering program at West Virginia University for the past 30 years. He received his B.Sc. from the University of Nottingham, UK, and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Oregon State University, all degrees in chemical engineering. He also worked in industry for Pullman-Kellogg, Fluor E&C, and Shell Oil. His research interests include particle technology, design education, and simulation and control of advanced power plants. He is a registered professional engineer in the state of West Virginia.

Joseph A. Shaeiwitz is an emeritus professor of chemical engineering at West Virginia University and is currently a visiting professor in chemical engineering at Auburn University, where he teaches design and other unit operations classes. He received his B.S. from the University of Delaware, and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University. He is a fellow of both ASEE and AIChE. His professional interests are in engineering education, accreditation, assessment, and design.