Always Learning

Advanced Search

Heritage of World Civilizations, Volume 1, The

Heritage of World Civilizations, Volume 1, The

Brief Edition
5th Edition

Albert Craig, William Graham, Donald Kagan, Steven Ozment, Frank Turner

Sep 2011, Paperback, 520 pages
ISBN13: 9780205835485
ISBN10: 0205835481
For orders to USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand or Japan visit your local Pearson website
This title is ordered on demand which may result in extended delivery times.
Special online offer - Save 10%
Was £110.99, Now £99.89Save: £11.10
  • Print pagePrint page
  • Email this pageEmail page
  • Share

A global perspective on the major narratives of world history.

Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, The Heritage of World Civilizations offers compelling and thorough coverage of the unique heritage of Asian, African, Middle Eastern, European and American civilizations while highlighting the role of the world's great religious and philosophical traditions. This comprehensive yet accessible survey of world history has been extensively revised to provide an even more global and comparative perspective on the events and processes that have shaped our increasingly interdependent world.

Note: MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab at no extra charge, please visit or use ISBN: 9780205207572.




Part I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations to 500 B.C.E.

Chapter 1: The Birth of a Civilization

Early Humans and Their Culture


Early Civilizations in the Middle East to About 1000 B.C.E.

A CLOSER LOOK Babylonian World Map

Ancient Near Eastern Empires

Early Indian Civilization

Early Chinese Civilization

The Rise of Civilization in the Americas




Chapter 2: Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion

Comparing the Four Great Revolutions

Philosophy in China

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Philosophy and Religion

Religion in India

A CLOSER LOOK Statue of Siddhartha Gotama asFasting Ascetic (2nd Century C.E.)

The Religion of the Israelites

Greek Philosophy





Part II: Empires and Cultures of the Ancient World, 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.

Chapter 3: Greek and Hellenistic Civilization

The Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to ca. 1150 B.C.E.

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Achievement of Greek and Hellenistic Civilization

Greek “Middle Age” to ca. 750 B.C.E.

The Polis

Expansion of the Greek World

Life in Archaic Greece

Major City-States

The Persian Wars


Classical Greece

Emergence of the Hellenistic World

Hellenistic Culture




Chapter 4: West Asia, Inner Asia, and South Asia to 1000 C.E.

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Indo-Iranian Roles in the Eurasian World before Islam

West and Inner Asia

The Ancient Background

The First Persian Empire in the Iranian Plateau (550—330 B.C.E.)

The Seleucid Successors to Alexander in the East (ca. 312—63 B.C.E.)

The Parthian Arsacid Empire (ca. 247 B.C.E.—223 C.E.)

The Sasanid Empire (224—651 C.E.)

South Asia to 1000 C.E.

The First Indian Empire: The Mauryas (321—185 B.C.E.)

The Consolidation of Indian Civilization (ca. 200 B.C.E.—300 C.E.)

A CLOSER LOOK Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath

The Golden Age of the Guptas (ca. 320—550 C.E.)

The Development of “Classical” Indian Civilization (ca. 300—1000 C.E.)





Chapter 5: Africa: Early History to 1000 C.E.

Issues of Interpretation, Sources, and Disciplines

Physical Description of the Continent

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE “Traditional” Peoples and Nontraditional Histories

African Peoples

The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era

Nilotic Africa and the Ethiopian Highlands

The Western and Central Sudan

Central, Southern, and East Africa

A CLOSER LOOK Four Rock Art Paintings from Tassili n-Ajjer (4000—2000 B.C.E.)




Chapter 6: Republican and Imperial Rome

Prehistoric Italy

The Etruscans

Royal Rome

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Republican and Imperial Rome

The Republic


Civilization in the Early Roman Republic:

Greek Influence

Roman Imperialism

The Fall of the Republic

The Augustan Principate

Civilization of the Ciceronian and Augustan Ages

Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14—180 C.E.)

The Rise of Christianity

The Crisis of the Third Century

The Late Empire

Arts and Letters in the Late Empire

The Problem of the Decline and Fall of the Empire in the West




Chapter 7: China's First Empire, 221 B.C.E.—589 C.E.

Qin Unification of China


Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.—8 C.E.)

A CLOSER LOOK The Terra-Cotta Army of the First Qin Emperor

Later Han (25—220 C.E.) and Its Aftermath

Han Thought and Religion




Part III: Consolidation and Interaction of World Civilizations, 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E.

Chapter 8: Imperial China, 589—1368

Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589—618) and Tang (618—907) Dynasties


A CLOSER LOOK A Tang Painting of the Goddess of Mercy

Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960—1279)

China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368)




Chapter 9: Early Japanese History

Japanese Origins


Nara and Heian Japan

Japan’s Early Feudal Age

A CLOSER LOOK The East Meets the East





Chapter 10: The Formation of Islamic Civilization, 622—100

Origins and Early Development

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Islamic Worlds of Arab and Persian Cultures

Women in Early Islamic Society

Early Islamic Conquests

The New Islamic World Order

A CLOSER LOOK The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem (Interior)

The High Caliphate

Islamic Culture in the Classical Era




Chapter 11: The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000

The End of the Western Roman Empire


The Impact of Islam on East and West

The Developing Roman Church

The Kingdom of the Franks

A CLOSER LOOK A Multicultural Book Cover

Feudal Society




Chapter 12: The Islamic World,1000—1500

the islamic heartlands

Religion and Society

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Expansion of Islamic Civilization, 1000—1500

Regional Developments

A CLOSER LOOK Al-Hariri, Assemblies (Maqamat)

The Spread of Islam beyond the Heartlands

Islamic India and Southeast Asia

The Spread of Islam to South Asia

Muslim—Hindu Encounter

Islamic States and Dynasties

Religious and Cultural Accommodation

Hindu and Other Indian Traditions




Chapter 13: Ancient Civilizations of the Americas

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Ancient Civilizations of the Americas

Problems in Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization


The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization

The Classic Period in Mesoamerica

A CLOSER LOOK The Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán

The Post-Classic Period

Andean South America

The Preceramic and the Initial Periods

Chavín de Huantar and the Early Horizon

The Early Intermediate Period

The Middle Horizon through the Late

Intermediate Period

The Inca Empire




Chapter 14: Africa CA. 1000—1700

North Africa and Egypt

The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Africa, 1000—1700

Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan

The Eastern Sudan

The Forestlands–Coastal West and

Central Africa

A CLOSER LOOK Benin Bronze Plaque with Chief and Two Attendants

East Africa

Southern Africa




Chapter 15: Europe to the Early 1500s: Revival, Decline, and Renaissance

Revival of Empire, Church, and Towns

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The High Middle Ages in Western Europe

A CLOSER LOOK European Embrace of a Black Saint


Growth of National Monarchies

Political and Social Breakdown

Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival:

The Late Medieval Church

The Renaissance in Italy (1375—1527)

Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the Fifteenth Century




Part IV: The World in Transition, 1500 to 1850

Chapter 16: Europe, 1500—1650: Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Wars

The Discovery of a New World


The Reformation

The Reformation’s Achievements

A CLOSER LOOK A Contemporary Commentary on the Sexes

The Wars of Religion

Superstition and Enlightenment: The Battle Within





Chapter 17: Conquest and Exploitation: The Development of the Transatlantic Economy

Periods of European Overseas Expansion

Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation


Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America

Economies of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire

Colonial Brazil

French and British Colonies in North America

The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture

Slavery in the Americas

Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade

A CLOSER LOOK The Slave Ship Brookes




Suggested Readings



Help students understand the past in a global perspective.

The Heritage of World Civilizations offers compelling and thorough coverage of the unique heritage of Asian, African, Middle Eastern, European and American civilizations while highlighting the role of the world's great religious and philosophical traditions.

Personalize Learning

The new MyHistoryLab delivers proven results in helping individual students succeed. It provides engaging experiences that personalize, stimulate and measure learning for each student and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students, instructors and departments achieve their goals.

  • Closer Look tours walk students through a variety of key primary sources in detail, helping them to uncover their meaning and understand their context.
  • Complete audio of the entire book is included to suit the varied learning styles of today’s students.
  • The Pearson eText lets students access their textbook anytime, anywhere and any way they want–including listening online or downloading to iPad.
  • A personalized study plan for each student, based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, promotes critical-thinking skills and helps students succeed in the course and beyond.
  • Assessment tied to videos, applications and chapters enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback while helping instructors find the best resources with which to teach their students.

Improve Critical Thinking

  • A wealth of pedagogical features, including Focus Questions, Overview Tables, Chronologies, Quick Reviews, Key Terms, Interactive Maps, Visual Analysis Questions, Chapter Summaries and Chapter Review Questions, provide students with a framework for understanding the topics covered. (ex. p. 191-193)

Engage Students

  • Religions of the World essays explore five major world religions—Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam— and highlight their role in world history to connect the study of the world's civilizations with some of the basic belief systems of the people within them. (ex. p. 56-57)
  • Global Perspectives begin each chapter and succinctly place the regions and topics that are to be discussed in a wider framework. (ex. p. 60-61)
  • Documents from sacred books, poems, philosophical tracts, political manifestos, letters and travel accounts expose students to the raw materials of history. (ex. p. 75)
  • Each chapter includes a new feature called A Closer Look which provides in-depth commentary on visual sources in world history. This feature teaches students to view photos, paintings and other illustrations as historical documents. Each feature concludes with questions that encourage students to focus on important issues raised within the feature. (ex. p. 72)

Support Instructors

  • Create a Custom Text: For enrollments of at least 25, create your own textbook by combining chapters from best-selling Pearson textbooks and/or reading selections in the sequence you want. To begin building your custom text, visit You may also work with a dedicated Pearson Custom editor to create your ideal text–publishing your own original content or mixing and matching Pearson content. Contact your Pearson Publisher’s Representative to get started.
  • Assessment tied to videos, applications and chapters enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback. With results feeding into a powerful gradebook, the assessment program helps instructors identify student challenges early and find the best resources with which to help students.
  • An assignment calendar allows instructors to assign graded activities, with specific deadlines, and measure student progress.
  • ClassPrep- This feature within MyHistoryLab collects the very best class presentation resources in one convenient online destination and includes PowerPoint slides, streaming audio and video, audio clips for class tests and quizzes and all of the book’s illustrations for creation of interactive lectures.
  • PowerPoints- These slides embed the very best interactive audio and video features from MyHistoryLab for instructors to show in their lectures. Available within the instructor account on MyHistoryLab for instructional use.
  • Instructor’s Manual & Test Bank- Each chapter in the Instructor’s Manual contains the following sections: Chapter Overview, Chapter Objectives, Key Terms, Lecture and Discussion Topics, Resources and Writing Assignments and Projects. The Test Bank includes multiple choice, true/false, short answer and essay questions. Available for download on
  • MyTest- This flexible, online test-generating software includes all questions found in the printed Test Item File. Instructors can quickly and easily create customized tests with MyTest. Available at

Albert M. Craig is the Harvard-Yenching research professor of history emeritus at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1959. A graduate of Northwestern University, he received his Ph.D. at Harvard University. He has studied at Strasbourg University and at Kyoto, Keio and Tokyo universities in Japan. He is the author of Choshu in the Meiji Restoration (1961), The Heritage of Japanese Civilization (2011) and, with others, East Asia, Tradition and Transformation (1989). He is the editor of Japan, A Comparative View (1973) and co-editor of Personality in Japanese History (1970) and Civilization and Enlightnment: the Early Thought of Fukuzawa Yukichi (2009). He was the director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute. He has also been a visiting professor at Kyoto and Tokyo universities. He has received Guggenheim, Fulbright and Japan Foundation Fellowships. In 1988 he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun by the Japanese government.

William A. Graham is the Albertson professor of Middle Eastern studies in the faculty of arts and sciences and the O’Brian professor of divinity and dean in the faculty of divinity at Harvard University, where he has taught for 34 years. He has directed the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and chaired the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, the Committee on the Study of Religion and the Core Curriculum Committee on Foreign Cultures. He received his B.A. in comparative literature from University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and an A.M. and Ph.D. in history of religion from Harvard. He also studied in Göttingen, Tübingen, Lebanon and London. He is the former chair of the Council on Graduate Studies in Religion (U.S. and Canada). In 2000 he received the quinquennial Award for Excellence in Research in Islamic History and Culture from the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference. He has held John Simon Guggenheim and Alexander von Humboldt research fellowships and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among his publications are Beyond the Written Word: Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion (1987); Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam (1977—ACLS History of Religions Prize, 1978) and Three Faiths, One God (co-authored, 2003).

Donald Kagan is the Sterling professor of history and classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received an A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, an M.A. in classics from Brown University and a Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. Between 1958 and 1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four-volume history of the Peloponnesian war, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995) and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is co-author, with Frederick W. Kagan, of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humanities to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004.

Steven Ozment is the McLean professor of ancient and modern history at Harvard University. He has taught western civilization at Yale, Stanford and Harvard. He is the author of 11 books. The Age of Reform, 1250–1550 (1980) won the Schaff Prize and was nominated for the 1981 National Book Award. Five of his books have been selections of the History Book Club: Magdalena and Balthasar: An Intimate Portrait of Life in Sixteenth Century Europe (1986), Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany (1990), Protestants: The Birth of A Revolution (1992), The Burgermeister’s Daughter: Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town (1996) and Flesh and Spirit: Private Life in Early Modern Germany (1999). His most recent publications are Ancestors: The Loving Family of Old Europe (2001), A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People (2004) and “Why We Study Western Civ,” The Public Interest 158 (2005).

Frank M. Turner was the John Hay Whitney professor of history at Yale University and director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, where he served as university provost from 1988 to 1992. He received his B.A. degree at the College of William and Mary and his Ph.D. from Yale. He received the Yale College Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching. He directed a national endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute. His scholarly research received the support of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is the author of Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England (1974), The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain (1981), which received the British Council Prize of the Conference on British Studies and the Yale Press Governors Award, Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life (1993) and John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion (2002). He has also contributed numerous articles to journals and has served on the editorial advisory boards of The Journal of Modern History, Isis and Victorian Studies. He edited The Idea of a University by John Henry Newman (1996), Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke (2003) and Apologia Pro Vita Sua and Six Sermons by John Henry Newman (2008). Between l996 and 2006 he served as a trustee of Connecticut College and between 2004 and 2008 as a member of the Connecticut Humanities Council.

Expert Reviews

“…well-written, civilizations-focused text that is accessible to students without talking down to them.”

-Wayne Ackerson, SalisburyUniversity

“The “Global Perspective” feature is superb. It is an excellent way to put themes into a global context, which brings significance to the topics of study.”

-Heather Barry, St. Joseph’s College

“…a very good balance between topical, thematic, and chronological approaches. All three are necessary for students to derive the maximum value from the text.”

-Dr. Anthony R. Santoro, ChristopherNewport University

“The greatest challenge my students usually face is how to deal with thematic and more complex ideas on a wide geographic & chronological range. This book helps that.”

-Kristen Post Walton, SalisburyUniversity

Customer Reviews

Your opinions count

Be the first to review this product. Write your review now.