Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic PetrologyInternational Edition
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For a combined, one-semester, junior/senior-level course in Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. Also useful for programs that teach Igneous Petrology and Metamorphic Petrology.
Typical texts on igneous and metamorphic petrology are geared to either advanced or novice petrology students. This unique text offers comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of both igneous and metamorphic petrology in a single volume—and provides the quantitative and technical background required to critically evaluate igneous and metamorphic phenomena in a way that students at all levels can understand. The goal throughout is for students to be able to apply the techniques—and enjoy the insights of the results—rather than tinker with theory and develop everything from first principles.
Part I Igneous Petrology
Chapter 1 Some Fundamental Concepts
Chapter 2 Classification and Nomenclature of Igneous Rocks
Chapter 3 Textures of Igneous Rocks
Chapter 4 Igneous Structures and Field Relationships
Chapter 5 An Introduction to Thermodynamics
Chapter 6 The Phase Rule and One- and Two-Component Systems
Chapter 7 Systems with More than Two Components
Chapter 8 Chemical Petrology I: Major and Minor Elements
Chapter 9 Chemical Petrology II: Trace Elements and Isotopes
Chapter 10 Generation of Basaltic Magmas
Chapter 11 Magma Diversity
Chapter 12 Layered Mafic Intrusions
Chapter 13 Mid-Ocean Ridge Volcanism
Chapter 14 Oceanic Intraplate Volcanism
Chapter 15 Continental Flood Basalts
Chapter 16 Subduction-Related Igneous Activity Part I: Island Arcs
Chapter 17 Subduction-Related Igneous Activity Part II: Continental Arcs
Chapter 18 Granitoid Rocks
Chapter 19 Continental Alkaline Magmatism
Chapter 20 Anorthosites
Part II Metamorphic Petrology
Chapter 21 An Introduction to Metamorphism
Chapter 22 A Classification of Metamorphic Rocks
Chapter 23 Structures and Textures of Metamorphic Rocks
Chapter 24 Stable Mineral Assemblages in Metamorphic Rocks
Chapter 25 Metamorphic Facies and Metamorphosed Mafic Rocks
Chapter 26 Metamorphic Reactions
Chapter 27 Thermodynamics of Metamorphic Reactions
Chapter 28 Metamorphism of Pelitic Sediments
Chapter 29 Metamorphism of Calcareous and Ultramafic Rocks
Chapter 30 Metamorphic Fluids, Mass Transport and Metasomatism
Appendix A: Units and Constants
Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms
Appendix C: The CIPW Norm
• A balanced presentation limits the theory to the extent that students can practice it on real occurrences—without such excessive detail that the course becomes more like chemistry than geology.
• A concentration on the processes and principles involved in the generation of igneous and metamorphic rocks (rather than on lists of details to be memorized) enables students to develop a deeper understanding, a more lasting knowledge, and skills that will prove valuable beyond the classroom.
• A survey of actual occurrences of igneous and metamorphic rocks, and processes that produce them, is provided. This section is often greatly condensed in most other texts, but it is the most interesting and dynamic aspect of petrology.
• A techniques/occurrences approach for both igneous and metamorphic rocks that first presents the techniques, then applies them to assess a field area, and then expands the techniques as necessary if the field examples call for it.
• A comprehensive section on petrogenesis, particularly igneous petrogenesis, covers important igneous petrogenetic associations (such as mid-ocean ridge processes, mid-ocean islands, island and continental arcs, granitoid rocks, and continental alkaline associations).
• An accessible approach to mathematics, chemistry, and physics requires only a working knowledge of algebra; calculus is occasionally discussed, but is not required. Chemical and physical principles are presented early on, and at a level that is comprehensible and accessible.
• Worked examples, problems, and computer-related problems, found at the end of many chapters, carefully integrate a number of problems and computer programs (some used only in research at this point).
• Spreadsheets are used extensively in worked examples and problems. Spreadsheets, data files, and other programs (e.g., IGPET, TWQ, THERMOBAROMETRY, NEWPET, SUPCRT, etc.) can be downloaded from the web-site that supports the text.
• Approximately 350 figures and tables are provided.
John D. Winter did his undergraduate work in geology at the University of Illinois at Urbana, and earned his M.S. and Ph.D. at the University of Washington in Seattle. Now Professor of Geology at Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington, his principal fields of interest are in metamorphic petrology, mineralogy and crystallography, and geochemistry. He has spent several summers in Greenland, a summer in Labrador, and another in Norway, where he studied processes that take place during the formation and subsequent development of the ancient deep continental crust. He is also working on contact metamorphism in the Wallowa Mountains of NE Oregon. Briefly, he also worked as an exploration geologist in New Guinea.
Professor Winter teaches Mineralogy, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Introductory Geology, Environmental Geology, and Geochemistry. Outside the classroom, his interests include travel, mountaineering, hiking, mountain biking, and telemark skiing.