History of Psychology, AIdeas and Context: International Edition
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A History of Psychology: Ideas and Context, Fourth Edition, is a comprehensive history of psychology tracing psychological thought from antiquity through early twenty-first century developments.The opening chapters present the reader with a dynamic framework for exploring psychology in the context of historiography and philosophical issues. The text provides in-depth coverage to the intellectual trends that preceded the formal founding of psychology in the late 1870s, coupled with an analysis of the major systems of thought and the key developments in the history of basic and applied psychology. The final chapter focuses on major trends in psychology from the latter half of the twentieth century to the early twentieth-first century.
All Chapters conclude with “Review Questions” and “Glossary.”
1. Historical Studies: Some Issues.
Why Study History?Some Problems in Historiography.The History of the History of Psychology.Internal and External History.
2. Philosophical Issues.
Epistemology.The Problem of Causality.Free Will and Determinism.The Mind-Body Problem.
3. Ancient Psychological Thought.
Early Chinese Psychologies.Babylonia.Egypt.Other Ancient Far-Eastern Psychologies.The Hebrews.Persia.Greece.
4. The Roman Period and the Middle Ages.
Roman Medicine.Roman Philosophy.The Fall of Rome.The Early Christian Faith.The Medieval Period.
5. The Renaissance.
Effect of the Plague.Expanding Geographic Knowledge.Influence of the Greek Classics.Growth of Empirical Studies.Quantification.Changing Visions of the World.Psychological Thought in the Renaissance.
6. Empiricism, Associationism, and Utilitarianism.
Empiricism.Empiricism on the Continent.Associationism and Utilitarianism.
Emphasis on a Priori Knowledge.Theory of Active Mind.Deduction versus Induction.René Descartes.Baruch Spinoza.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.Immanuel Kant.Johann Friedrich Herbart.Thomas Reid and Common Sense Psychology.
8. Mechanization and Quantification.
Thomas Hobbes.René Descartes Revisited.Jan Swammerdam.Neils Stensen.Stephen Hales.Robert Whytt.Johann August Unzer.Julien Offray De La Mettrie.Pierre-Jean Georges Cabanis.Mapping the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems.
9. Naturalism and Humanitarian Reform
Evolutionary Theory.Significance of Evolutionary Theory for Psychology.Naturalistic Approaches to Emotional Disorders.Humanitarian Reform
10. Psychophysics and the Formal Founding of Psychology.
11. Developments After the Founding.
Systematic Extension: Edward Bradford Titchener.Franz Brentano and Act Psychology.Carl Stumpf.Georg Elias Müller.Oswald Külpe and the Würzburg School.Hermann Ebbinghaus.Wundt's Contemporaries and Applied Psychology.
William James and Harvard University.Hugo Münsterberg.G. Stanley Hall and Clark University.Functionalism and the University of Chicago.Psychology at Columbia University.Mary Whiton Calkins.The Growth of Applied Psychology.Influence of Functionalism: An Evaluation.
Antecedents of Behaviorism.Formal Founding of American Behaviorism.
14. Other Behavioral Psychologies.
Importance of Learning.Importance of Precision and Clarity.Importance of Experimentation.Early Behavioristic Psychologies.Neobehaviorism.Further Contributions to Applied Psychology from Neobehaviorism.
15. Gestalt Psychology.
Max Wertheimer.Wolfgang Köhler.Kurt Koffka.Intellectual Background of Gestalt Psychology.The Fundamentals of Gestalt Psychology.Gestalt Perspectives on Scientific Method.Mind and Brain.The Influence of Gestalt Psychology.Kurt Lewin and Field Theory.Some Common Misunderstandings of Gestalt Psychology.Gestalt Psychology and Applied PsychologyThe Continuing Relevance of Gestalt Psychology.
Sigmund Freud.Freud's System of Psychology.Post-Fruendian Analytic Psychologies.Alfred AdlerCarl Gustav Jung.Karen Danielsen Horney.Other Developments.
17. Humanistic Psychologies.
Intellectual Traditions.The Formal Emergence of Humanistic Psychologies.Overview of Third-Force Psychologies: Major Positions and Criticisms.
Epilogue: Late Twentieth Century Developments.
The Systems of Psychology in Retrospect.Cognitive Psychology.Diversity and Pluralism in Modern Psychology.Review Question.Glossary.
- Chapter 2 introduces and explains philosophical problems including free will and determinism, mind and body, and epistemology. Subsequent chapters focus on how these critical issues influenced the philosophical foundation of psychology.
- Several chapters dispel the myth that women contributed only during the late 19th and 20th centuries. Chapters 3 and 4 draw attention to many women who are neglected in many other textbooks yet contributed to early psychological thought, including Hypatia, Myia, Theana, Aesara and Héloise. This theme continues throughout the book with subsequent contributions from Olivia Sabuco, Mary Wollstonecraft, Dorothea Dix and later women in psychology.
- Chapter 5 offers a unique focus on French philosopher Michel de Montaigne's influence on the philosophy of science and his psychological ideas that are ignored in other texts in the history of psychology.
- Chapter 5 also incorporates various perspectives, including the contributions of Spanish philosophers such as Juan Luis Vives and Juan Huarte, to provide a diverse approach in the formation of psychological thought.
- Chapters 6 and 7 share insights from empiricism, associationism, utilitarianism and rationalism. Chapter 8 explores the role mechanization and quantification played in shaping later psychology.
- Chapter 9 offers coverage of Charles Darwin and naturalistic perspectives that contributed to a broader understanding of experimental psychology. The second half of the chapter looks at the role humanitarian reformers played in the treatment of emotional disorders.
- Chapters 10-17 examine the major systems of psychology with an emphasis on the basic and applied contributions of each school.
- Chapter 18 encompasses the explosive growth of psychology over the course of the last 50 years.
D. Brett King has been a faculty member in the Department of Psychology at the University of Colorado at Boulder since 1990. He is the author of numerous articles and books on the history of psychology including a book-length biography of the Gestalt psychologist Max Wertheimer, co-authored with Michael Wertheimer. King and his wife, Dr. Cheri King, served as co-archivists for the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. He has won numerous teaching awards and, in 1995, was honored as CU Boulder’s “Best Professor” in a campus-wide student poll conducted by The Colorado Daily, CU Boulder’s campus newspaper.
Wayne Viney is Emeritus Professor and Emeritus University Distinguished Teaching Scholar at Colorado State University where he taught undergraduate and graduate courses in the history of psychology and an undergraduate course in the development of scientific thought. Dr. Viney served as the Head of the Psychology Department at Colorado State University from 1967 to
1973 and as Associate Dean of Natural Sciences and Director of the University Core Curriculum in Biology from 1973 to 1976. He received 17 teaching awards while working at Colorado State. He has served as President of Division 26 Society for the History of Psychology of the American Psychological Association and as President of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. He has published extensively in the history of psychology.
William Douglas Woody is Associate Professor of Psychological Sciences at the University of Northern Colorado where he teaches History and Systems of Psychology at the graduate level. He taught History and Systems of Psychology at the undergraduate level at Colorado State University and the University of Wisconsin — Eau Claire. In 2006, he received the Early Career Achievement Award from the Society for the History of Psychology. Additionally, he has received numerous national, university, and college level teaching awards, and including being named Best Professor by the students at two of the three universities where he has taught.