Community Health NursingAdvocacy for Population Health
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For undergraduate courses in Community Health Nursing.
The community/public health nurse is charged with promoting the health of populations, not only the individuals within populations. This requires advocacy on the part of the nurse, for entire communities as well as for the individuals within. The fifth edition of Community Health Nursing by respected leader and educator Mary Jo Clark approaches community health nursing from an aggregate perspective, clearly showing how nurses can serve to improve the health of populations within a community by functioning as advocates on many levels. To illustrate how that can be manifested, real-life vignettes begin every chapter, showing students what advocacy looks like in the public health context. In each chapter, critical thinking exercises are woven throughout in boxed features.
Clark, Community Health Nursing: Advocating for Healthy Populations, 5e
Table of Contents
Unit I The Context for Community Health Nursing
Chapter 1 Community Health Nursing as Advocacy
Chapter 2 The Population Context
Chapter 3 The Historical Context
Chapter 4 The Theoretical Context
Chapter 5 The Health System Context
Chapter 6 The Global Health Context ****NEW CHAPTER****
Chapter 7 The Political Context
Chapter 8 The Economic Context
Chapter 9 The Cultural Context
Chapter 10 The Environmental Context
Unit II Approaches to Community Health Nursing
Chapter 11 Health Promotion
Chapter 12 Case Management
Chapter 13 Community Empowerment ****NEW CHAPTER****
Unit III Care of Special Populations
Chapter 14 Care of Families
Chapter 15 Care of Communities
Chapter 16 Meeting the Health Needs of Child and Adolescent Populations
Chapter 17 Meeting the Health Needs of Women
Chapter 18 Meeting the Health Needs of Men
Chapter 19 Meeting the Health Needs of Older Clients
Chapter 20 Meeting the Health Needs of Poor and Homeless Populations
Unit IV Care of Populations in Specialized Settings
Chapter 21 Care of Clients in the Home Setting
Chapter 22 Care of Clients in Official and Voluntary Health Agencies
Chapter 23 Care of Clients in the School Setting
Chapter 24 Care of Clients in Work Settings
Chapter 25 Care of Clients in Urban and Rural Settings
Chapter 26 Care of Clients in Correctional Settings
Chapter 27 Care of Clients in Disaster Settings
Unit V Population Health Issues
Chapter 28 Communicable Diseases
Chapter 29 Chronic Disease
Chapter 30 Community Mental Health
Chapter 31 Substance Abuse
Chapter 32 Societal Violence
Appendix A Quad Council PHN Competencies
Appendix B Information on Selected Communicable Diseases
Appendix C Selected Cultural Beliefs, Behaviors, and Practices
Appendix D Nursing Interventions for Common Health Problems in Children and Adolescents
Advocacy in Action
Vignettes at the beginning of every chapter and elsewhere in the text present real-life examples of advocacy by community health nurses. Contributed by students, faculty, and practicing community health nurses, these inspiring stories exemplify the advocacy role of the community health nurse in the care of individuals, families, and population groups.
These features stimulate readers to develop strategies for advocacy by community health nurses in practical, real-life situations. Following the scenario are questions that foster the use of critical thinking.
Healthy People 2010: Goals for Population Health
The tables in this feature present relevant Healthy People 2010 objectives with information on baseline data and targets as well as the current status. Special icons draw attention to content related to the Healthy People 2010 objectives and often direct readers to the Healthy People 2010 data web site for more information or current data.
These boxes present a series of questions that assist readers in conducting health assessments focused on a particular client, specific population groups, or particular aspects of care. They help students to tailor their nursing assessment to the specific needs of the client population, setting, or health problem addressed in the chapter.
This feature focuses on the relevance of global issues to local communities by presenting an international view of community health nursing practice. It explores some aspect of chapter content as it relates to one or more other countries or to a worldwide view of a topic related to community health nursing.
Building Our Knowledge Base
These boxes stimulate readers to consider potential research questions related to chapter topics and to broaden their understanding of research principles and methods. It prods students to consider how they might be addressed by practicing community health nurses.
Designed to promote critical thinking, these boxes highlight special information for readers to contemplate.
These features identify important content for educating clients and the public regarding particular health issues and topics.
A feature intended to aid review, this bulleted summary of the main points of the preceding content or special focus appears at the end of every chapter and elsewhere in the text.
These features point out cultural factors relevant to chapter content and promote consideration of cultural influences on health and illness and the effects of cultural beliefs and values on health care delivery. They encourage readers to examine the effects of their own personal and professional cultural traditions, as well as those of clients, on health, illness, and nurse-client interactions, aiding them in clinical practice.
These boxes present research findings related to chapter topics or stimulate reader examination of the evidence base that underlies a specific aspect of community health nursing practice. It also poses questions that provoke thinking about incorporating research into practice.
Presenting an ethical dilemma or issue related to the chapter, this feature stimulates student thought on the course or courses of action they might take in a similar practice situation. The reader considers the ethical dilemma and possible courses of action to resolve it.
These scenarios challenge the reader to apply the principles addressed in the chapter to realistic community health nursing practice situations. Each case study is followed by questions designed to promote critical thinking in nursing practice.
Highlights boxes draw attention to important concepts presented in the chapter or additional considerations relevant to the topic to help students identify key principles.
Testing Your Understanding
Included at the end of every chapter, this feature assists readers to evaluate their comprehension of concepts and principles presented. These challenging review questions stimulate thought and discussion of important chapter concepts. Each question is followed by page references for a quick review of content addressed.
Mary Jo Clark, PhD, RN, PHN has been practicing and teaching community health nursing for 40 years. After completing her BSN degree at the University of San Francisco, she received her introduction to global community health nursing as a U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer in Vita, India, a rural town with a population of about 3,000. Returning to the United States, Dr. Clark employed her cross-cultural expertise as a Public Health Nurses in the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. In 1973, she became a pediatric nurse practitioner, and later began teaching community health nursing at East Tennessee State University. She completed a masters degree in community health nursing at Texas Women’s University and a PhD in nursing at the University of Texas at Austin. Moving with her Army nurse husband to Augusta, Georgia, she taught graduate and undergraduate community health at the Medical College of Georgia. For the past 20 years, Dr. Clark has taught at baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral levels at the University of San Diego, Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science. In addition to her full-time teaching and writing, Dr. Clark has maintained an active community health nursing practice. She is well known in the community health nursing field and has provided consultation and made presentations across the country and overseas. Her many and varied experiences in community health nursing in the United States and abroad form the core of the material presented in this book.