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Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering

International Edition
4th Edition

H. Fogler

Oct 2005, Paperback with CD-ROM, 1120 pages
ISBN13: 9780131278394
ISBN10: 0131278398
For orders to USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand or Japan visit your local Pearson website
This product has been replaced by Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering: Pearson New International Edition
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The Definitive, Fully Updated Guide to Solving Real-World Chemical Reaction Engineering Problems

The fourth edition of Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering is a completely revised version of the worldwide best-selling book. It combines authoritative coverage of the principles of chemical reaction engineering with an unsurpassed focus on critical thinking and creative problem solving, employing open-ended questions and stressing the Socratic method. Clear and superbly organized, it integrates text, visuals, and computer simulations to help readers solve even the most challenging problems through reasoning, rather than by memorizing equations.

Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of chemical reaction engineering forms the backbone of this trusted text. To enhance the transfer of core skills to real-life settings, three styles of problems are included for each subject

  1. Straightforward problems that reinforce the material
  2. Problems that allow students to explore the issues and look for optimum solutions
  3. Open-ended problems that encourage students to practice creative problem-solving skills

H. Scott Fogler has updated his classic text to provide even more coverage of bioreactions, industrial chemistry with real reactors and reactions, and an even broader range of applications, along with the newest digital techniques, such as FEMLAB. The fourth edition of Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering contains wide-ranging examples—from smog to blood clotting, ethylene oxide production to tissue engineering, antifreeze to cobra bites, and computer chip manufacturing to chemical plant safety.

About the CD-ROM

The CD-ROM offers numerous enrichment opportunities for both students and instructors, including the following Learning Resources:

  • Summary Notes: Chapter-specific interactive material to address the different learning styles in the Felder/Solomon learning-style index
  • Learning Resources: Web modules, reactor lab modules, interactive computer modules, solved problems, and problem-solving heuristics
  • Living Example Problems: More than fifty-five interactive simulations in POLYMATH software, which allow students to explore the examples and ask “what-if” questions
  • Professional Reference Shelf: Advanced content, ranging from collision and transition state theory to aerosol reactors, DFT, runaway reactions, and pharmacokinetics
  • Additional Study Materials: Extra homework problems, course syllabi, and Web links to related material
  • Latest Software to Solve “Digital Age” Problems: FEMLAB to solve PDEs for the axial and radial concentration and temperature profiles, and Polymath to do regression, solve nonlinear equations, and solve single and coupled ODEs

Throughout the book, icons help readers link concepts and procedures to the material on the CD-ROM for fully integrated learning and reference.



1. Mole Balances.

The Rate of Reaction

The General Mole Balance Equation

Batch Reactors

Continuous-Flow Reactors

Industrial Reactors

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

2. Conversion and Reactor Sizing.

Definition of Conversion

Batch Reactor Design Equations

Design Equations for Flow Reactors

Applications of the Design Equations for Continuous-Flow Reactors

Reactors in Series

Some Further Definitions

Summary

CD-ROM Materials

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

3. Rate Laws and Stoichiometry.

Part 1. Rate Laws

Basic Definitions

The Reaction Order and the Rate Law

The Reaction Rate Constant

Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design

Part 2. Stoichiometry

Batch Systems

Flow Systems

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

4. Isothermal Reactor Design.

Part 1. Mole Balances in Terms of Conversion

Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors

Scale-Up of Liquid-Phase Batch Reactor Data to the Design of a CSTR

Design of Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs)

Tubular Reactors

Pressure Drop in Reactors

Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant

Part 2. Mole Balances Written in Terms of Concentration and Molar Flow Rate

Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors

Microreactors

Membrane Reactors

Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors

The Practical Side

Summary

ODE Solver Algorithm

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Some Thoughts on Critiquing What You read

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

5. Collection and Analysis of Rate Data.

The Algorithm for Data Analysis

Batch Reactor Data

Method of Initial Rates

Method of Half-Lives

Differential Reactors

Experimental Planning

Evaluation of Laboratory Reactors

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

6. Multiple Reactions.

Definitions

Parallel Reactions

Maximizing the Desired Product in Series Reactions

Algorithm for Solution of Complex Reactions

Multiple Reactions in a PFR/PBR

Multiple Reactions in a CSTR

Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions

Complex Reactions of Ammonia Oxidation

Sorting It All Out

The Fun Part

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

7. Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors.

Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws

Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals

Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions

Bioreactors

Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) Models

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

8. Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design.

Rationale

The Energy Balance

Adiabatic Operation

Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange

Equilibrium Conversion

CSTR with Heat Effects

Multiple Steady States

Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions

Radial and Axial Variations in a Tubular Reactor

The Practical Side

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

9. Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design.

The Unsteady-State Energy Balance

Energy Balance on Batch Reactors

Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger

Unsteady Operation of a CSTR

Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions

Unsteady Operation of Plug-Flow Reactors

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

10. Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors.

Catalysts

Steps in a Catalytic Reaction

Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step

Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design

Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication

Model Discrimination

Catalyst Deactivation

Summary

ODE Solver Algorithm

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

11. External Diffusion Effects on Heterogeneous Reactions.

Diffusion Fundamentals

Binary Diffusion

External Resistance to Mass Transfer

What If . . . ? (Parameter Sensitivity)

The Shrinking Core Model

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

12. Diffusion and Reaction.

Diffusion and Reaction in Spherical Catalyst Pellets

Internal Effectiveness Factor

Falsified Kinetics

Overall Effectiveness Factor

Estimation of Diffusion- and Reaction-Limited Regimes

Mass Transfer and Reaction in a Packed Bed

Determination of Limiting Situations from Reaction Data

Multiphase Reactors

Fluidized Bed Reactors

Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Journal Article Problems

Journal Critique Problems

Supplementary Reading

13. Distributions of Residence Times for Chemical Reactors.

General Characteristics

Part 1. Characteristics and Diagnostics

Measurement of the RTD

Characteristics of the RTD

RTD in Ideal Reactors

Diagnostics and Troubleshooting

Part 2. Predicting Conversion and Exit Concentration

Reactor Modeling Using the RTD

Zero-Parameter Models

Using Software Packages

RTD and Multiple Reactions

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

14. Models for Nonideal Reactors.

Some Guidelines

Tanks-in-Series (T-I-S) Model

Dispersion Model

Flow, Reaction, and Dispersion

Tanks-in-Series Model Versus Dispersion Model

Numerical Solutions to Flows with Dispersion and Reaction

Two-Parameter Models-Modeling Real Reactors with Combinations of Ideal Reactors

Use of Software Packages to Determine the Model Parameters

Other Models of Nonideal Reactors Using CSTRs and PFRs

Applications to Pharmacokinetic Modeling

Summary

CD-ROM Material

Questions and Problems

Supplementary Reading

Appendix A: Numerical Techniques.

Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors.

Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant.

Appendix D: Measurement of Slopes on Semilog Paper.

Appendix E: Software Packages.

Appendix F: Nomenclature.

Appendix G: Rate Law Data.

Appendix H: Open-Ended Problems.

Appendix I: How to Use the CD-ROM.

Appendix J: Use of Computational Chemistry Software Packages.

Index.

About the CD-ROM.

The best selling chemical reaction engineering book just got better!

° The fundamentals of chemical reaction engineering -- presented in a clear and conciser manner

° The reader learns how to solve problems through reasoning rather than getting lost in trying to remember which formula applies to what situation

° Reader develops critical and creative thinking skills they can apply to many situations, becoming more productive and self-reliant

-The solutions manual is now available for download through the IRC

H. Scott Fogler is the Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, Vennema Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Michigan. His research interests include flow and reaction in porous media, fused chemical relations, gellation kinetics, and chemical reaction engineering problems in the petroleum industry. He has graduated 37 Ph.D. students and has more than 200 refereed publications in these areas. Fogler is the AIChE 2008 President-elect. He has chaired ASEE’s Chemical Engineering Division, served as director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, earned the Warren K. Lewis Award from AIChE for contributions to chemical engineering education, and received the Chemical Manufacturers Association’s National Catalyst Award. He is the co-author of the bestselling textbook Strategies for Creative Problem Solving, Second Edition (Prentice Hall, 2008).

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