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Reflect, Inform, Persuade

Reflect, Inform, Persuade

College Writing Today

Elizabeth Kessler, Elizabeth Kessler

Feb 2010, Paperback, 512 pages
ISBN13: 9780321198983
ISBN10: 0321198980
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Reflect, Inform, Persuade examines the purposes for writing while demonstrating the varying processes writers employ to reach an end. The low price (~$25 net*) and practical three-part organization make Reflect, Inform, Persuade an option for a variety of interests or course objectives. Author Elizabeth Kessler hones in on three important points: improving academic writing skills; writing for various purposes, gradually moving from self to a focus on the wider world; and using materials that can be used as models for good writing.

Part I • The Writing Process

Chapter 1 • The Writing Process


The Writing Process—A Holistic View

The Writing Process—A Deconstructed View

What I Learned

Applying What I Learned

Working with What I Learned

Chapter 2 • Invention/Prewriting Strategies



Free Writing/Power Writing



Journalistic Questions



Do We Write Now?

Free Writing/Power Writing





What I Learned

Applying What I Learned

Working with What I Learned

Chapter 3 • Pre-Drafting: Elements to Consider


Purpose, Modes, and Genre

To Entertain

To Reflect/Express—Genres


Personal Narrative

From “Mama Sarah” Fortuna Benudiz Ippoliti

To Inform—Modes

Descriptive Writing

Comparison and Contrast

Cause and Effect

From “Find Yourself Packing It On? Blame Friends” Gina Kolata



Division and Classification

Process Analysis

Ghirardelli™ Individual Chocolate Lava Cakes (advertisement)

Research, Exposition, Summary, Analysis

To Inform—Genres


Process Analysis

Movie Review

From “Hogwarts Under Siege” A. O. Scott


Op-Ed Piece

From “Find Yourself Packing It On? Blame Friends” Gina Kolata

Personal Narrative

From “The Heart of the City” Terrell F. Dixon


Mr. Goodwrench

The Starfish Story

Teddy Grahams


Geo. H. Lewis & Sons (advertisement)


What I Learned

Applying What I Learned

Working with What I Learned

Chapter 4 • Drafting the Academic Informative Essay


Building the Essay

Step One—Invention

Step Two—The Thesis

Step Three—The Introduction

Step Four—The Body Paragraphs

Step Five—Transitions

Step Six—The Conclusion

Step Seven—The Sources

Step Eight—The Complete First Draft

Allison’s Fury

What I Learned

Applying What I Learned

Working with What I Learned

Chapter 5 • Peer Review and Revision


The Reading-Writing Connection


The Editing Process

Editing for Purpose

Editing for Audience


The Rubric for Structure, Organization, and Development



How to Use Your Review

Editing for Audience


Completing Your Revisions

What I Learned

Applying What I Learned

Working with What I Learned

Chapter 6 • Editing and Formatting


Grammar Phobia

The Mechanics Profile

Formatting MLA Style

What I Learned

Applying What I Learned

Working with What I Learned

Part II • Genre Construction

Chapter 7 • To Reflect and Express



Personal Reflection Journals

A Marine at War—Journal Entry—Persian Gulf

War Narrative Jason Douglas

Pre-Reading and Reader Response Journals

Student Reader Responses

Genre Construction


The Personal Letter

Making Peace with My Dad; Making Peace With Myself Mari Carmen Marin

The Formal Business Letter

The Letter of Application

Genre Construction

Autobiographical Narratives

The Closed Form Narrative

Waste, A County Fair Tale Leilani Hall

The Open Form Narrative

The Cat Under the Bed: Growing Up SurvivorPatricia Lee Yongue

Chronological Organization

Spatial Organization

The Lost Bills

Genre Construction




Peer Editing

Editing for Purpose

Editing for Audience



Editing and Formatting

Rubric for Structure, Organization, and Development


From Memory of Walking Antonio Jocson

Genre Construction

Chapter 8 • To Inform


The Multi-Mode Essay

From “The Classroom and the Wider Culture: Identity as Key to Learning English Composition “ Fan Shen

“Cultural Tyranny” Gloria Anzaldúa

Genre Construction

Editing for Purpose

Editing for Audience

The Rubric for Structure, Organization, and Development


“Is This Where Your Teen Goes to Get High?”

Newspaper and Magazine Articles

Newspaper Articles

“War on Words Heats Up in Immigration Debate” Lini Kadaba

Magazine Articles

From “In the Hot Seat” Chryso D’Angelo

The Movie Review

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007):Hogwarts Under Siege A.O. Scott

Genre Construction

Chapter 9 • To Persuade and Convince


What Is Argument?


A Debatable Topic and Its Thesis



Strategies—Conceding Points

Strategies—Refuting Points

Changing Positions

Reading Argument

Suggestions for Reading Argument

Personal Argument

I Am a Housewife Elisa Garza

The Traditional Formal Argument

Time to Lower the Drinking Age Joseph McDade

A Second Reading

Preparing to Write about an Argument

Some Things Can Wait

Reading Other Argumentative Genres

The Op-Ed Piece

The Potterparazzi Lisa M. Virgoe

The Editorial and Political Cartoons

Justice Pat Oliphant

Obesity Doug N. Marlette

Clemens and Steroids Mike Luckovich

The Advertisement

Evaluating Genres

Chapter 10 • Writing Argument


The Argument

The Topic—Invention


Appeals and Structure


Rogerian Argument



Logical Fallacies

The Either/Or Fallacy, or the False Dilemma

The False Analogy

The Red Herring

The Bandwagon Fallacy






Peer Editing

Editing for Purpose

Editing for Audience

The Rubric for Structure, Organization, and Development



Formatting and Editing

Revision Revisited

The Traditionally Constructed Argumentative Essay


The Writing Process Deferred

The Prompt for a 90-Minute Argumentative Essay Assignment

Stronger Standards for Admission

The Final Draft

Evaluating Genres

Genre Construction

Part III · Reading about Personal Issues

Chapter 11 • Identity: How Do I Construct My Identity?


Visual Literacy

Community College Street Festival (Photograph) Linda Daigle

Paris Wedding (Photograph) Linda Daigle

Traditions? Elizabeth R. Kessler

Pausing to Consider

Reading about College and Young Adult Identity

“Who Shall I Be?” The Allure of a Fresh Start Jennifer Crichton

My Deep Dark Secret? I Miss My Family Hadley Moore

The Classroom and the Wider Culture: Identity as a Key to Learning English Composition Fan Shen

Reading about Social/Ethnic Identity

“Blaxicans” and Other Reinvented Americans Richard Rodriguez

A Conversion Unveiled Yvonne Ridley

The Price of Being “Americanized” Michael Novak

Reading about Gender and Sexual Identity

Never Quite Male or Female, It’s Her Decision Now Sarah Viren

The Boy’s Desire Richard Rodriguez

Reflections on Identity

Reflecting to Write

Chapter 12 • Body Image and Health: How Do I Construct My Physical Being?


Visual Literacy

Lost Identity, I (Photograph) Franka Bruns

Guerneville 1980 (Photograph) Anja Leigh Russell

Asian Beauty (Photograph) Linda Daigle

Surviving Beautifully (Photograph) Elizabeth Kessler

Pausing to Consider

Reading about the Male Body

Son of a Pretty Boy Andrew Brininstool

Reading about Weight

The Radius of Beauty Leilani Hall

Fat and Happy: In Defense Acceptance Mary Ray Worley

Why Don’t They Just Eat?

Reading about Beauty

Miss America: More than a Beauty Queen? Kate Shindle

Finding My Eye-dentity Olivia Chung

Reflections on Body Image and Health

Reflecting to Write

Chapter 13 • Education and Work: How Do I Construct My Mind and My Career?


Visual Literacy

Professional Business Cards

Real Estate Card Patti Diller

Veterinarian Card

Lipitor (Advertisement)

Pausing to Consider

Reading about Traditional Ways of Education

Forget the Fads—The Old Ways Work Best Evan Keliher

I Didn’t Want to Work that Hard: A Liberal Arts Education Sherree Kessler

Reading about Different Perspectives in Work and Education

“Truth Is, I’m the Same Guy I Always Was” Paul McCartney

Help! I’m a Mac Person in a PC World Anne Perrin

Some Lessons from the Assembly Line Andrew Braaksma

Letter to Friends Sandra Cisneros

Reflections on Education and Work

Reflecting to Write

Chapter 14 • Trauma: How Do I Construct Trust?


Visual Literacy

Little Hearts, Big Hurts (Poster)

Maybe It’s Not Your Child Who Needs a Time-Out

You Won’t Know If You Don’t Ask

Sexual Assault

Strong & Silent or Ashamed & Alone?

Pausing to Consider

Reading about Authority Figures

Goodbye Rita Hayworth, Hello Margarita Cansino Linda Rader Overman

Scouts Molested, Again Patrick Boyle andElizabeth Marchak

Reading about the Aftermath

I Want Constantine’s Murder to Die Olga Polites

How Would My Rape Shape My Kids’ Lives? Ellen Sussman

Reflections on Trauma

Reflecting to Write

Chapter 15 · Relationships: How Do I Construct a Life with Others?


Visual Literacy

Abuelita (Photograph) Anja Leigh Russell

The Oscar Party (Photograph) Linda Daigle

The Red Hat Ladies (Photograph) Patti Diller

Pausing to Consider

Reading Selection about Marriage and Other Relationships

Making Room for Dad’s New Girlfriend Melissa Maynard

Reading about Alternative Parenting

Stop Setting Alarms on My Biological Clock Carrie Friedman

If Our Son Is Happy, What Else Matters? Scott Sherman

Reading about Getting Along with Others

Becoming “Real” Men at Last Topher Sanders

That’s MS. to you, Bub Abigail McCarthy

Reflections on Relationships

Reflecting to Write

Chapter 16 · Closure: How Will Others Construct Me?


Visual Literacy


Pausing to Consider

Reading about the Media

When Harry Met Tony Malcolm Jones

No More Bikinis & Cowboys Scott Deveau

Reading about Our Family and Friends

You’re Going to End Up Like Your Mother Anyway, So Get Over It Sandy Jordan

A Father on a Poster Board Just Won’t Do Alison Buckholtz

Reading about Health and Medicine

Find Yourself Packing It On? Blame Friends Gina Kolata

Fat Comes in on Little Cat Feet Gail Collins

Reading about Education and Growing Up—At Any Age

Grades not Full Gauge of Talent Cary Clack

The Teacher Who Changed My Life Nicholas Gage

Student Evaluations David Holmberg

Bringing Up Adultolescents Peg Tyre

Reading about Society’s Issues

My Name Is Margaret Maya Angelou

Dropping the “One Drop” Rule George Will

Reading about After I’ve Departed

The Champion Oak, Glennwood Cemetery (Photograph) Linda Walsh

Daisies and Diaries: Death and Defining Self Stella Thompson

My Daddy Was My Hero Bindi Irwin

A Lady by Any Standard Michael Beschloss

The Paris Cemetery (Photograph) Linda Daigle

Reflections on Closure

Reflecting to Write

Part IV ·Research

Chapter 17 · Writing the Research Paper


What Is a Research Paper?

The Thesis



Taking Notes

Academic Honesty

Writing the Paper

Using Quotations


Chapter 18 · MLA Documentation and Sample Paper


Use of MLA Format for Documentation

The Works Cited Page

Joseph McDade’s work Cited Page Revised

General Rules

Internal Documentation

General Rules

Sample Student Research Paper

Stay At Home Moms: The New Choice Creating Controversy Lori Tiedt

Appendix 1 · Glossary of Composition Terms

Appendix 2 · Permissions

Appendix 3 · Index

  • A focus on writing purposes over rhetorical modes prepares students for personal writing, academic writing, and business writing.
  • The thorough analysis of the writing process illustrates that there are multiple writing processes and that new or different ideas could help them improve their skills.
  • Students progress from personal writing to academic writing to build self-confidence and broaden global ideas.
  • Writing about visuals assignments reinforce the idea that students know something and can express themselves about what they see.
  • The four sample readings in each chapter are specific to the points being covered and include discussions, examples, review questions, and writing assignments.
  • The well-equipped reading collection (Part Three) provides a solid collection of readings and supporting pedagogy:
    • Each chapter in the reader begins with a set of personal questions devoted to that chapter’s theme for students to answer and reflect about prior to reading.
    • Authors are both well-known and emerging, with the inclusion of multicultural authors and diverse topics.
    • The readings vary in length and difficulty and include head notes, pre-reading questions, prewriting questions, definitions, reflection questions, and essay topics.
  • The final chapter includes up-to-date MLA documentation examples, preparing students for rigorous research.
  • A visual literacy section at the beginning of each reading chapter provides questions that help students “read” the images.
  • Assignments vary in length from very short—to teach succinct writing—to lengthy—to teach unity, development, cohesion, and research.
  • Each apparatus chapter and reading article is followed by questions that correspond to Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Learning, using knowledge, analysis, and application levels